Largest Countries in Asia by Population

Asia’s population of 4.3 billion people makes up about 60 percent of the world’s population. The growth rate is high; in the 20th century the population of the continent almost quadrupled. Asia has several of the world’s most populous countries; India and China have more than a third of the world’s population. Measures to limit population growth have been implemented in India and China, among others. Most settlements are linked to river valleys, and urbanization has increased rapidly in most urban areas. For both sexes, average life expectancy is generally significantly lower than in the western world, but there are major regional differences.

Population density varies from almost populous areas in parts of Siberia and Central Asia’s highlands to a density of more than 1,000 individuals per square kilometer in parts of Japan, southern China, India and Java in Indonesia. 7 of the world’s 10 most populous urban areas are located in Asia (2013).

Large migrations over time have made Asia’s population very composed and mixed. It can be divided into two main groups, the Mongolian and the Caucasian people. The Mongolian population is found in most of Northern, Central and Eastern Asia with Chinese, Mongolians, Koreans and Japanese in the north and Indonesians, Malays and other peoples in the south. The Caucasian population is found in the Middle East, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and much of India. In addition, there are remnants of older groups such as the Eight on the Malacca Peninsula, the Andaman and the Philippines, the bets on Sri Lanka and the Aino in Japan.

Biggest Countries in Asia by Population

Among 48 independent Asian countries, the most populous is China and the least populated is Maldives. The full list of countries in Asia is shown in the table below, ranked by latest total population.

Rank Country Name Population Region
1 China 1,397,849,989 Eastern Asia
2 India 1,348,669,989 Southern Asia
3 Indonesia 268,074,589 Southeastern Asia
4 Pakistan 205,050,989 Southern Asia
5 Bangladesh 166,751,989 Southern Asia
6 Japan 126,199,989 Eastern Asia
7 Philippines 107,807,989 Southeastern Asia
8 Vietnam 95,353,989 Southeastern Asia
9 Iran 82,545,289 Western Asia
10 Turkey 82,003,871 Western Asia
11 Thailand 66,376,994 Southeastern Asia
12 Burma 54,339,755 Southeastern Asia
13 South Korea 51,811,156 Eastern Asia
14 Iraq 39,127,889 Western Asia
15 Uzbekistan 33,562,122 Central Asia
16 Saudi Arabia 33,413,649 Western Asia
17 Malaysia 32,769,189 Southeastern Asia
18 Afghanistan 32,225,549 Southern Asia
19 Nepal 29,609,612 Southern Asia
20 Yemen 29,161,911 Western Asia
21 North Korea 25,449,989 Eastern Asia
22 Sri Lanka 21,670,101 Southern Asia
23 Kazakhstan 18,497,053 Central Asia
24 Syria 17,070,124 Western Asia
25 Cambodia 16,289,259 Southeastern Asia
26 Jordan 10,440,889 Western Asia
27 Azerbaijan 9,981,446 Western Asia
28 United Arab Emirates 9,770,518 Western Asia
29 Israel 9,045,359 Western Asia
30 Tajikistan 8,930,989 Central Asia
31 Laos 7,123,194 Southeastern Asia
32 Lebanon 6,855,702 Western Asia
33 Kyrgyzstan 6,389,489 Central Asia
34 Turkmenistan 5,942,078 Central Asia
35 Singapore 5,638,689 Southeastern Asia
36 Palestine 4,976,673 Western Asia
37 Oman 4,632,777 Western Asia
38 Kuwait 4,420,099 Western Asia
39 Georgia 3,723,489 Western Asia
40 Mongolia 3,263,376 Eastern Asia
41 Armenia 2,962,089 Western Asia
42 Qatar 2,740,468 Western Asia
43 Bahrain 1,543,289 Western Asia
44 Timor-Leste 1,387,138 Southeastern Asia
45 Cyprus 864,189 Western Asia
46 Bhutan 741,661 Southern Asia
47 Brunei 442,389 Southeastern Asia
48 Maldives 378,103 Southern Asia

Territories in Asia by Population

In addition to independent countries, there are also dependent territories in Asia. See table below for a full list of all 3 Asian territories, with latest total population and dependencies.

Rank Dependent Territory Population Territory of
1 Taiwan 23,589,870 China
2 Hong Kong 7,482,500 China
3 Macao 622,567 China