Asia’s population of 4.3 billion people makes up about 60 percent of the world’s population. The growth rate is high; in the 20th century the population of the continent almost quadrupled. Asia has several of the world’s most populous countries; India and China have more than a third of the world’s population. Measures to limit population growth have been implemented in India and China, among others. Most settlements are linked to river valleys, and urbanization has increased rapidly in most urban areas. For both sexes, average life expectancy is generally significantly lower than in the western world, but there are major regional differences.
Population density varies from almost populous areas in parts of Siberia and Central Asia’s highlands to a density of more than 1,000 individuals per square kilometer in parts of Japan, southern China, India and Java in Indonesia. 7 of the world’s 10 most populous urban areas are located in Asia (2013).
Large migrations over time have made Asia’s population very composed and mixed. It can be divided into two main groups, the Mongolian and the Caucasian people. The Mongolian population is found in most of Northern, Central and Eastern Asia with Chinese, Mongolians, Koreans and Japanese in the north and Indonesians, Malays and other peoples in the south. The Caucasian population is found in the Middle East, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and much of India. In addition, there are remnants of older groups such as the Eight on the Malacca Peninsula, the Andaman and the Philippines, the bets on Sri Lanka and the Aino in Japan.
Biggest Countries in Asia by Population
Among 48 independent Asian countries, the most populous is China and the least populated is Maldives. The full list of countries in Asia is shown in the table below, ranked by latest total population.
Territories in Asia by Population
In addition to independent countries, there are also dependent territories in Asia. See table below for a full list of all 3 Asian territories, with latest total population and dependencies.
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