The Federative Republic of Brazil is located in southeastern South America, and gets its name from the Portuguese for “Rosewood.” An area of 8,547,000 square kilometers is home to a population of 1.7687 million, mainly white and black and white mixed. Residents are Catholic and Portuguese is the official language. The currency is the Real and the capital is Brasilia.
Brazil National Flag
The Brazilian flag is green and yellow. Green symbolizes Brazil’s vast forests, and yellow symbolizes the rich mineral deposits and resources. In the center is a blue globe with a white band, which contains Portuguese words: order and progress. Beneath the white band are southern hemisphere stars, symbolizing Brazil’s 26 states combined in one Federal District.
On April 22, 1500, the Portuguese navigator Pedro Cabral arrived in Brazil. In the 1650s, the Portuguese established a colony in Brazil, and in 1549 appointed a Governor. In 1808, Napoleon invaded Portugal, and the Portuguese royal family moved to Brazil, although they later returned to Lisbon in 1821. On September 7, 1822, Pedro Luo Wangzi declared independence, establishing the Brazilian Empire. On November 15, 1889, the Fonseca General coup overthrew the monarchy and established the Brazilian States of America. In May 1964, there was a military coup which led to autocratic rule. This led to the country changing its name in 1967 to the Federal Republic of Brazil. January 1985, the military government to the people.
The Amazon rainforest is the world’s largest pristine tropical rainforest, covering an area of 7,000,000 square kilometers. The rainforest slopes down from the Andes to Brazil’s Atlantic coast. Total world reserves, forest reserves, more than 30%.
The survival of the Amazon rainforest is crucial for the survival of the planet. Rainforests can absorb carbon dioxide, which causes global warming and the polar ice caps to melt. Rainforests also create lot of oxygen, which is why they are known as the “lungs of the earth.” Some rainforests have trees which are 60 meters in height, acting like umbrellas and blocking out light. Therefore, almost no trees or plants grow low down.
Brazil is one of the world’s greatest soccer nations. In 1894, Sao Paulo became the first football club in the country, and since then the sport has flourished. Brazil’s national team has participated in 17 consecutive World Cups, a brilliant record in itself, and has also won the trophy five times. Brazil arguable has the world’s most talented players, full of imaginative improvisation and smooth sharp attacks which have brought great joy to fans. Brazil has a lot of good players in the Super League in Europe, the major effect, their style of football with a samba interpretation of the myth of a football.
Economy and Culture Overview
Brazil is Latin America’s most economically developed country, and is the world’s eighth largest economic entity. Iron and steel, automobile, shipbuilding, chemical, power and other departments are large, and the main crops are coffee, cocoa, bananas, sugar cane, cotton, soybeans, rice, maize, sisal, tobacco, and citrus. Coffee production is prolific, earning the country the reputation of “coffee Kingdom.” Cocoa, sugar cane, citrus, and soybean production is also amongst the best in the world, and Brazil is one of the world’s major exporters of agricultural products. Brazil is also the world’s only producer and exporter of guarana. Livestock development ranks highest in South America, and Brazil’s iron ore production and export volume ranks second in the world. Uranium, ore, bauxite, and manganese reserves rank third in the world. The country has the world’s largest tropical forest, with timber reserves of 65.8 billion cubic meters, ranking second in the world.
Samba is Brazil’s most popular dance. It is said that samba originated in Africa, but was influenced by the essence of Indian art after being introduced to Brazil; thus the dance evolved. The music has a rough, sharp, and rather unpleasant tone, but it is optimistic and the dance is intense, cheerful, and lively.