Colombia Overview

Country Profile

The Republic of Colombia is located in northwestern South America, and is named after Christopher Columbus. An area of 11,417 square kilometers is home to a population of 43.83 million, mainly mestizo and white. Residents are Catholic and the official language is Spanish. The currency is the peso and the capital is Santa Fe de Bogota.

Colombia National Flag

The Colombian flag has three horizontal strips of yellow, blue, and red. The golden yellow symbolizes the sun, grain, and rich natural resources; blue represents the blue sky, ocean, and rivers; and the red symbolizes freedom for independence and the blood shed by patriots.

Colombia Country Flag

History Summary

Prior to the Spanish colonization of 1536, Columbia was inhabited by Ancient Indians. On July 20, 1810, it declared independence from Spain, after a history of oppression. In 1819, South American liberator Simon Bolivar defeat the rebels led by the Spanish colonial army, thus liberating Colombia. In 1821, Columbia, Ecuador, Venezuela, and Panama formed the Republic of Colombia. From 1829 to 1830, the Republic disintegrated. In 1851, it was renamed the Republic of New Granada, and in 1861 it became the United States of Colombia. In 1886, it was again renamed the Republic of Colombia, upon Panama’s independence in 1903.

Gold Museum

The Gold Museum is located in Shengtandeer Park, in the center of Santa Fe de Bogota. It was built in 1939 and is the world’s largest gold museum, with about 24,000 exhibits. Earrings, nose rings, necklaces, pins, bracelets, anklets, pots, cups, bowls, masks, and incense burners, are all on display, as well as animal or portrait images of ornaments, animal patterns and more for the toad (ancient Indians that Toad symbol of bumper harvest of the many children). All the exhibits are the first friend from India in 2000 BC to AD 16th century with gold and gold production. In addition to the large number of foreign exhibits, its exquisitely impressive.

Columbia Valley statue

Stone statutes occur in many parts of the world, and when they appear in large numbers in a particular area, they often have a special significance. The Colombian Andes has more than 500 huge statues erected near the Magdalena river. With serious faces, these statues are not found anywhere else in the world. In addition to anthropomorphic figures, there are also frogs and daunting eagle statues. It could be that these statues were of religious significance, but this has since been lost.

Economy and Culture Overview

Colombia is an agricultural country, with coffee the main economic pillar; the excellent quality coffee is world renowned. The other main crops are rice, cotton, sugar cane, and bananas, with the sugar, coffee, textiles and cement industries integral to the economy. Major mineral deposits of coal, oil, and precious stones such as emerald are produced, and Santa Fe de Bogota’s Gold Museum, with its 24,000 exhibits, is the largest of its kind in the world.
Cartagena is Colombia’s famous seaside city and main seaport, with charming beaches, beautiful tropical scenery, and many attractions. As such, it has become a famous tourist destination, known as the “Pearl of the Caribbean.” A statue of Simon Bolivar statue, the famous leader of the South American war of independence, stands in the center of the town. He led the Colombian people in their struggle against the colonists.
Festival is a unique black and white style carnival in Colombia. On the first day of the holiday, young people carry paint buckets and paint black on the faces of pedestrians, so everyone becomes “black.” The next day they do the same with white face paint, so that everyone becomes “white.” Last day of the busy make-up demonstrations.

Bolivar (1783 to 1830)

Bolivar was the leaders of South America’s liberation movement. Born in Caracas, Venezuela, he came from a noble white family, and was educated in Caracas and Madrid, and exposed to the Enlightenment Movement. He traveled to France and other European countries before returning to Caracas in 1807. He went on to rebel against Spanish colonial rule in the fight 2. l824, he was a thorough command of the army defeated the Spanish at Guayaquil, which led to the liberation of South America.

Colombia Map

Colombia Map

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