Burma Overview

Country Profile

Myanmar is located in western Indochina. In Sanskrit, the country name means “strong, brave,” and the whole is called the Union of Myanmar. Because the country has many Chinese Buddhist temples and pagodas, it is said to be the “country of Vantaa.” Myanmar occupies an area of 676,580 square kilometers, and has a population of about 52 million, with a total of 135 ethnic troups, with Burmese accounting for about 65% of the total population. Others include Karen, Shan, Kachin, and so on. Residents are Buddhist. Burmese is the official language, English is also spoken. Kyat is the currency. The capital is Naypyidaw (Nay Pyi Taw).

Burma National Flag

The flag is red. There are dark blue rectangles on the top left; inside is the white logo of the ear and 14 gear teeth, symbols of agriculture and industry, respectively. There are 14 stars around the outside gear, on behalf of the country’s 14 provinces or states. Red symbolizes courage, white symbolizes purity, and dark blue symbolizes peace.

Burma Country Flag

History Summary Overview

In 1044, formed as a unified country, with three feudal dynasties. In the 19th century, the British invaded Burma and waged three wars in their occupation. In 1886, Myanmar is divided into a province of British India. In 1957, Burma is separated from British India by British direct rule. In May 1942, Myanmar was occupied by Japan. A May 1945 uprising attempted the country’s total independence, but then fell under the control of the United Kingdom. On January 4, 1948, Myanmar declared independence from the Commonwealth, establishing the Union of Myanmar.

Economy and Culture

Myanmar’s economy is dominated by agriculture, and rice is the main food crop. Myanmar is a forest kingdom and is the world’s largest teak producing country. The Burmese ruby is among the world’s most famous treasures.

Myanmar’s classical dance is distinctive, mainly involving hand and foot, head, and waist action. When the eyes and facial expression turn, applaud. The dance is a traditional women’s oil lamp dance. Theaters always turn off the lights, so that dancers whose hands hold oil lights can be unpredictable in the dark, producing a dance of magical, wonderful charm. Myanmar people like to wear the traditional ethnic clothing. Young and old pants are made of a cotton cloth (Sharon). Men tie a knot in front, while women’s pants are tied on the waist side. Woman walking with weight on top of their head is still everywhere in the markets.

Myanmar Pakistani woman with long-neck people are known in the United States. Five-year-old girls from Pakistan begin to wear the first copper ring, with the side of the copper ring to increase every three years. Men often use neck length as an important criterion when selecting a woman for marriage. Buddhist families send boys into the temple when there is a need for novices, the experience of living with retreat, or can not marry.

Burmese men and women alike have no surname. They usually use their own name before the crown, with a title to indicate gender, seniority, social status and differences in rank. Men generally call themselves “appearance” to elders or respectable persons, or “Wu.” To equals or young persons, they called themselves “Guo.” Women are usually called “Mary,” while respected older women, whether married or unmarried, are called “Du.”

Sepak takraw is one of the people of Myanmar’s most loved national sports. It has been changed from a recreational activity into a formal sporting event.

Yangon Shwedagon Pagoda

This pagoda is on par with Indonesia’s “Borobudur” tower and Cambodia’s “Angkor Wat.” The lake is located in the capital of the North Yin Ya holy mountains. The highest point of Yangon was built in AD 585; the legend of the tower concerns possession of Sakyamuni Buddha. The tower is 99.36 m tall, with a base circumference of 2285.2 meters. The tower is built like a golden parachute,it looks like a giant bell buckle on the ground, its whole body covered with more than 1,000 sheets of pure gold, up to seven tons of gold glowing in sunshine. The main tower on the top of the hood canopy is inlaid with more than 5,000 diamonds and more than 100 other kinds of stones. The tower and golden bell are hung with more than 1,000 silver bells, moved by the wind, Jinsheng Yu-Zhen, so that the listener has new music every days.

Burma Map

Burma Map

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