Where is Burma located on the map? Burma is an independent nation located in Southeastern Asia. Check out the following images to see location of Myanmar on maps.
Burma Location in World Map
Myanmar is a country in Southeast Asia. It borders with Bangladesh, India, China, as well as Laos and Thailand. It also borders the Indian Ocean over a length of 2000 kilometers. In the southwest lies the Bay of Bengal and in the south the Andaman Sea.
Myanmar is the second largest state in the region after Indonesia and about twice the size of Germany. The Ayeyarwady (formerly also Irrawaddy) is the longest river in the country with over 2100 kilometers. A lot of goods are transported on it and the Salouen.
In the middle of the country there is a wide basin that stretches for over 1000 kilometers from south to north. It is surrounded by mountains. The highest mountain in Myanmar is the Hkakabo Razi, which reaches a height of 5881 meters.
Burma or Myanmar?
The country used to be called Burma or sometimes Burma. But in 1989 the then military government decided to rename the country Myanmar. This term has survived to this day – although the country is now governed democratically. “Burma” is the term that was used in Germany, and Burma is more likely to be heard in English-speaking countries. Often you hear the term “land of pagodas” because there are so many pagodas in this country.
The country’s capital was relocated in 2005 and is now called Naypyidaw and is a city that was artificially created rather than naturally grown. The military planned it and its area is six times the size of Berlin. A little over a million people live there. The name translated means “royal city”, but in reality this city is anything but royal. Tourists can hardly find their way here. It cost billions of dollars to build – no details are available. Yangon is the largest city in the country and Mandalay is the second largest, probably also the most famous because there are so many famous sights.
Subdivision of the country
The country is divided into three large main areas. The largest rice-growing area in the world is located in Niedermyanmar, the climate here is tropical, which are good conditions for rice to thrive.
In Obermyanmar it is much cooler and the region drier. This is where the kings once had their important capitals. People grow cotton and vegetables.
The highlands of Myanmar run parallel to the country’s borders. Here Myanmar is characterized by high mountains that reach up to 5500 meters. Here you can still find wild nature and impenetrable jungle. In this region the famous gemstones of the country are mined and valuable teak woodbeaten. People in these areas only live under difficult conditions.
Myanmar is one of the tropical Asian monsoon regions. Outside the north, the monsoon climate prevails. There are three seasons. The rainy season lasts from late May to mid-October. The temperatures are then between 25 and 33 degrees Celsius.
From the end of November to the end of March, the winter climate is cooler. The temperatures are still rising to 28 degrees, dropping to 16 degrees.
In April, May and October it can get pretty hot. The maximum temperatures are then 35 degrees and the lowest values 28 degrees. It usually gets hottest in the time before the big rain starts.
|Longest river||Ayeyarwady (Irrawaddy, 2,000 km)|
|Highest mountain||Hkakabo Razi (5,881 m)|