Malaysia is located in Southeast Asia. The country name comes from Greek, meaning “Mexican land.” The country covers an area of 330,300 square kilometers and has a population of 25.32 million, of which the Malays and other indigenous make up 60%, Chinese 25%, and Indians 7%. Islam is the state religion, and other religions are Buddhism, Hinduism, and Christianity. Malay is the official language, English and Chinese are also spoken. The currency is the ringgit. Kuala Lumpur (Kuala Lumpur) is the capital.
Malaysia National Flag
The 13 red and white stripes and 14-pointed star on the flag represent the country’s 13 states and the central government. Blue symbolizes the unity of the people and the Commonwealth. The crescent is the symbol of Islam, while the yellow symbolizes the head of state.
The early years of the Malay Peninsula are ancient. In the 15th century, Malacca was the center of the unified Kingdom of Malacca covering most of the Malay Peninsula. The 16th century brought Portuguese, Dutch, and British occupation. By the early 20th century, Malaysia was completely reduced to a British colony. Sarawak, Sabah is the history of Brunei. In 1888, the two became a British protectorate. During “World War II” in Malaya, Sarawak, Sabah was occupied by Japan. After the war, the United Kingdom resumed their colonial rule. On August 31, 1957, Malaya declared independence. On September 16, 1963, the Federation of Malaya combined with Singapore, Sarawak, and Sabah to form Malaysia (On August 9, 1965, Singapore exited the union).
Economy and Culture Overview
Malaysia’s economy is dominated by agriculture, with a number of tropical cash crops, especially rubber. Rubber and pepper production and export volume ranks highly in the world. Malaysia’s tin production once led the world, but the yield has decreased significantly in recent years. The country has 75% forest cover, with a rich variety of tropical hardwoods, of which more than 70 kinds have been used. Fishing is mainly fishing, with rapidly developing freshwater aquaculture.
Butterflies are a valuable resource in Malaysia, with as many as thousands of varities. Locals will sell specimens of butterflies and colorful ornaments, attracting tourists and major specialty entomologists.
11 kilometers north of Kuala Lumpur, set off from several jungle, a thousand yards from the summit cliff on the hillside, there are more than twenty limestone caves. The Batu Caves cover an area of 225 hectares, with the black hole and the light inside the cave the most famous holes. A cool dark black hole is not the sun. Bizarre, sunny light is injected from the top of the cave. Light-hole and black hole in many people and various animals and birds shaped like stalactites, superlative craftsmanship, stunning.