Malaysia Facts

Malaysia, State of Southeast Asia; 329,800 km2, 31.5 million residents (2019).Malaysia consists of two parts, Western Malaysia (132,000 km 2 ), which includes eleven states and two federal territories in the southern part of the Malacca Peninsula, and East Malaysia (198,000 km 2 ) with the states of Sarawak and Sabah and the federal territory of Labuan on northwest Borneo. The shortest distance between the two regions is about 600 km. The capital is Kuala Lumpur (1.5 million residents, 2010) and administrative capital the neighboring Putrajaya.

Malaysia Country Flag

Country facts

  • Persekutuan Tanah Malaysia / Malaysia
  • Country abbreviation: MY
  • Area: 329 800 km2
  • Population (2019): 31.5 million residents
  • Capital: Kuala Lumpur
  • Main language: Malay
  • State: Monarchy
  • Head of State: Abdullah Riayatuddin al-Mustafa Billah Shah (King)
  • Head of Government: Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin
  • Per capita GDP (2018): US $ 11,239
  • GNI per capita (2018): US $ 10,460
  • Coin unit: 1 ringgit = 100 sen
  • Currency code: MYR
  • Country number (telephony): 60
  • Internet domain name: my
  • Time difference compared to Sweden: +7
  • National Day: August 31 (Independence Day, 1957)


  • Land use: forest (55%), agricultural land (18%), other (27%)
  • Highest mountain: Kinabalu (4 101 m asl)
  • Longest river: Rajang (563 km)


  • Population density (2019): 96 residents per km2
  • Natural population growth (2019): 1.1%; birth number 16 ‰, death number 5 ‰
  • Age structure (2019): 0-14 years (24%), 15-64 (70%), 65- (6%)
  • Average life expectancy (2019): men 73 years, women 78 years
  • Infant mortality (2019): 6 per 1,000 live births
  • Population forecast 2050: 41 million residents
  • HDI (2017): 0.802 (place 57 of 189)
  • Urbanization rate (2019): 75%
  • Most populous cities (2010): Subang Jaya (1.6 million residents), Kuala Lumpur (1.5 million), Klang (1.1 million)


  • Industry’s contribution to GDP (2017): agriculture (9%), industry (38%), service (53%)
  • Exports (2017): US $ 187,900 million
  • Main export products: electronic equipment, oil, gas
  • Main exporting countries: Singapore, China, USA
  • Imports (2017): US $ 160,700 million
  • Main import products: electronic components, machines, oil products
  • Main importing countries: China, Singapore, USA
  • Railway network (2014): 1,850 km

Malaysia consists of Western Malaysia, on the southern Malacca Peninsula, and East Malaysia, on northwest Borneo. Western Malaysia is penetrated by a number of parallel, north-south mountain ranges. Especially on the western side of the peninsula are wide coastal plains; in the east they are narrow and swampy. East Malaysia has a coastal plain along the South China Sea while inland is dominated by hill and valley landscapes. Along the border with Indonesia, the terrain is mountainous. The country has a monsoon-type tropical rainforest climate with high humidity and high and even temperature throughout the year.

Malaysia is a federal, constitutional monarchy. The head of state is a king, who is appointed for five years by and among the country’s nine sultans. The king’s power has been limited over time. Parliament has two chambers – the Senate and the House of Representatives. General elections must be held at least every five years. Malaysia became independent in 1957.

The country’s economy has had a long-term positive development and is Southeast Asia’s most industrialized country. Malaysia has rich resources on a variety of minerals and fossil fuels and also good conditions for export-oriented agriculture. For a long time, raw materials have been exported (tin, timber, raw rubber, crude oil and palm oil). Among the most important industrial industries are the manufacture of electrical and electronic products.

Malaysia Map

Malaysia Map

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