Libreville, the capital of Gabon, on the north side of the Gabonese estuary; 578,200 residents (2004). Varied industry, including chemical, textile and food industry. Shipping of lumber, cocoa etc. International airport. University, founded in 1970. European city center surrounded by African settlements.
Founded in 1849, the city was the capital of the Congo Français from 1888 to 1904, from 1960 in the Republic of Gabon.