Known as the country of Eagle, Albania is located in the western Balkans, full name of the Republic of Albania. Area of 28,700 square kilometers. Population of 3.15 million, most of the Albanians, the other Greek, Macedonian and other minorities. Residents are Muslim. National General Albanian. Currency lek. The capital of Tirana (Tirana).
Albania National Flag
The flag is dark red with a black double-headed eagle painted in the center. Albania is known as “Eagle Country,” and the eagle is considered a symbol of Skanderbeg, a national hero.
In 1190 was the establishment of a feudal principality. From 1415, nearly 500 years of Turkish rule followed. On November 28, 1912, it declared its independence. During World War I it was occupied by the Austro-Hungarians, Italians and French. A republic was established in 1925. 1928 via the main system group, the ancient king cable to the Italian invasion in April 1939. During World War II, Italy, Germany and France occupied until its national liberation in 1944. On January 11, 1946, the People’s Republic of Albania was established. In 1976, it was renamed the People’s Republic of Albania.
Economy and Culture Overview
Albania is one of Europe’s most backward countries. Industry is based around raw materials such as natural asphalt, copper and other minerals and the production and export of oil. The main industrial sectors are food, electricity, textiles, steel, and machinery. Areas of agricultural production are concentrated on the western coastal plains, where wheat, corn, cotton and tobacco are grown for profit.
Butrint is a southern border city, across the sea from the Greek island of Corfu. It has been repeatedly destroyed by earthquakes and wars. There remain ruins of the ancient castle, the Roman Empire and the ancient open-air theater. In 2003, a British archaeologist discovered chess pieces thought to date back to the sixth century.