Norway Facts


Norway, State of Northern Europe; 385 199 km2, 5 328 212 residents (2019).Norway comprises the western part of the Scandinavian peninsula (323 758 km 2 ) and the archipelago of Svalbard (61 500 km 2 ) and the island of Jan Mayen (381 km 2 ) in the northern Atlantic; in addition, as the so-called biland Bouvetøya (59 km 2 ) in the Atlantic, south of Africa, and Peter I’s island (249 km 2 ) in the Pacific, southwest of South America’s southern tip. Norway also claims Queen Maud Land, a sector of Antarctica between 20 ° west longitude and 45 ° east longitude with the tip of the South Pole. Norway’s and also Europe’s northernmost point is Knivskjellodden on Magerøya. The capital is Oslo (673,469 residents, 2018).

Norway Country Flag

Country facts

  • Kingdom of Norway (Bokmål)
    Kingdom of Norway (New Norwegian) /
    Kingdom of Norway
  • Country abbreviation: NO
  • Area: 385 199 km2
  • Population (2019): 5.3 million residents
  • Capital: Oslo
  • Main language: Norwegian
  • State: Monarchy
  • Head of State: Harald V (King)
  • Head of Government: Erna Solberg
  • Per capita GDP (2018): US $ 81,807
  • GNI per capita (2018): US $ 80,790
  • Currency unit: 1 krone = 100 kroner
  • Currency code: NOK
  • Country number (telephony): 47
  • Internet Domain Name: no
  • Time difference compared to Sweden: 0
  • National Day: May 17 (The Constitution was adopted in 1814 in Eidsvoll)

Nature

  • Land use: forest (33%), agricultural land (3%), other (64%)
  • Highest mountain: Galdhøpiggen (2,469 m above sea level)
  • Longest river: Glomma (587 km)

Population

  • Population density (2019): 13 residents per km2
  • Natural population growth (2019): 0.2%; birth rate 10 ‰, death rate 8 ‰
  • Age structure (2019): 0-14 years (18%), 15-64 (65%), 65- (17%)
  • Average life expectancy (2019): men 81 years, women 84 years
  • Infant mortality (2019): 2 per 1,000 live births
  • Population forecast 2050: 6 million residents
  • HDI (2017) 0.953 (place 1 of 189)
  • Urbanization rate (2019): 82%
  • Most populous cities (2018): Oslo (673,469 residents), Bergen (279,792), Trondheim (180,557)

Business

  • Industry’s contribution to GDP (2017): agriculture (2%), industry (34%), service (64%)
  • Exports (2017): US $ 102,800 million
  • Main export products: crude oil, natural gas, machinery
  • Main exporting countries: United Kingdom, Germany, Netherlands
  • Imports (2017): US $ 95,060 million
  • Main import products: workshop products, chemical products, foodstuffs
  • Main importing countries: Sweden, Germany, China
  • Railway network (2019): 4,200 km

The Norwegian inland is dominated by the mountain range with its rock masses and high plateaus, while the coast is characterized by numerous fjords that project deep into the country. Along a large part of the coast runs a low strip, the beach surface, which forms the transition between the high inland and the archipelago. Almost everywhere, the coast is rocky and rich in good, natural ports. Norway has a distinct maritime climate, which along the coasts is warm and humid and in the inner cold temperate except in the highest parts, which have a tundra climate.

Norway is a monarchy where the monarch formally has the executive power, but in practice it is the government that governs. The legislative power lies with the Storting. The Constitution provides that the government must consist of the Prime Minister and at least seven other members. The Storting is elected, proportionally, for four years as a single-chamber parliament.

Norway is a highly developed industrial country. Since the early 1970s, the country has experienced greater economic growth than most industrialized countries. Growth can largely be attributed to the expansion of the oil sector since the mid-1970s. The high and rapid growth of the economy has also created problems. Parts of the business sector outside the oil sector have stagnated. due to price increases and increased costs that have not been followed by corresponding production increases.

Norway Map

Norway Map

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