Turkey Overview

Country Profile

Turkey, also known as the Republic of Turkey, is located in Western Asia and straddles Asia and Europe.. Covering an area of 779,450 square kilometers, it has a population of 70.71 million, more than 80% of whom are Turks. Kurds account for about 15%. Residents are Muslim, and Turkish is the national language. Turkish lira is the currency. Ankara is the capital.

Turkey National Flag

The flag is red, with a curved white crescent and a white five-pointed star. The moon and star mark the Islamic faith and are also a symbol of good luck and happiness.

Turkey Country Flag

History Summary

Turkey, known to history as Turk, moved into the area from the Altai Mountains in Asia Minor in the 8th century. In the 13th century came the late establishment of the Ottoman Empire, which had its heydey at the end of the 16th century. In the early 20th century, it was reduced to semi-colonial status by Britain, France, Germany, and other countries. On October 29, 1923, the Republic of Turkey was established.

Economy and Culture Overview

Turkey’s agricultural production is well-developed. Not only self-sufficient, Turkish agricultural products are exported to Europe and the Middle East, enjoying a reputation as the “super-city of the Middle East Young.” In addition to wheat, barley, corn, beans, and tobacco, Turkey grows cotton, known for its quality. Turkey is also rich in nuts, fruits, vegetables, dried figs, dried grapes, olives, and meat, exports of which are highest in the world. Livestock rearing involves cattle, horses, and sheep, for which Ankara has long had a reputation in the world.

Turkey is also famous for handicrafts, the most characteristic of which is the firing ceramics, carpets, and gold and silver ornaments. Firing ceramics are made of single glazed porcelain clay and originated in China.

Turkish cuisine is eclectic with the influence of all ethnic groups. There are dozens of barbecueand more than 40 kinds of dishes made with eggplant. Turkish cuisine is recognized as leading the world in cuisine after China and French cuisine. The unique flavor of “white cheese” and marinated olives are essential to meals. Turkish coffee is famous for its unique method of preparation in the Western world.

Cotton Castle

Turkey’s famous spas. Here is an exposed surface of limestone mountains, the calcium-rich spring water flowing down along the mountain. After thousands of years, it gradually formed a white stalactite on the hillside, accumulating a group one hundred meters high. Springs on the hillside gathering together into small lakes of varying size. From afar, the whole region looks like a castle made of cotton, a strange and spectacular sight.

Sultan Ahmed Mosque

The Sultan Ahmed Mosque in Istanbul is one of the architectural treasures of the Ottoman Empire. This beautiful building was built in 1609. Embedded in its walls are more than 21,000 blue flower tiles, and it is thus known as the “Blue Mosque.” Light shines through the window into the light blue living room, bringing out the special divine conception. The Blue Mosque building is unique. There are six tall and straight minarets outside, and the tower forms combinations of steps to show solemnity and order. The Blue Mosque is large and can accommodate 3,500 worshipers.


The Mediterranean, located in southern Europe, North Africa and Southwest Asia, is the world’s largest inland sea. About 4000 km in width, 1800 km from north to south, it has a total area of 2,505,000 square kilometers. The average depth is about 1,500 meters, and the maximum depth is 5092 meters. As the waters evaporate quickly, salt content is higher than the world average for seawater (about 35%), up to 39.5%. The Mediterranean Sea and its islands have been divided into the Ligurian Sea peninsula, the Tyrrhenian Sea, the Adriatic Sea, the Ionian Sea, and the Aegean sea. Mediterranean coastal areas have a specific climate, with the typical Mediterranean climate having a mild, rainy winter, a cool, dry summer, and a short spring and autumn.

Ancient Mediterranean Europe, Asia, and Africa were the economic and cultural crossroads of ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome, those civilization whose culture spread to the rest of the world. These civilizations were known as “the cradle of civilization.”

Cappadocia rocks area

Located in central Turkey. With a history of volcanic activity, rugged rock formations formed the unique landscape. With conical-shaped rocks or a sharp protrusion, the sun will cast their shadows into the deep valley in between. Residents from different periods had different purposes, and so they dug caves along with the natural caves. In the desolate valley of stone, many built teaching churches, so that the whole region became a huge natural museum, the natural rock form giving exquisite harmony to the church building. Within the church there are many fine religious murals.

Teluoyiyi Trojan

From the ancient Greek legend, in the 12th century BC, the Trojan prince Paris abducted the Spartan king Houhai Lun, so Greece led a massive attack on Troy. Later, the Greeks pretended to retreatand abandoned a wooden horse outside the city. Trojan soldiers brought the horse into the city as a trophy. At night, soldiers hidden inside the Trojan horse defeated the city of Troy in one fell swoop. This is the history of the famous “Trojan horse.” Now a “Trojan horse” is a computer program that is placed on a computer system, leaving a backdoor in the system so that attackers can bypass security facilities to obtain control of the system.

Turkey Map

Turkey Map

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