Turkey is located in the southwestern part of Asia and occupies the territory of two peninsulas at once – Anatolian and Balkan. On three sides it is surrounded by the Black, Aegean, Mediterranean and Marmara seas, and the main part of the country’s territory falls on the Armenian Highlands. Most of Turkey, except for the southern coast, has a temperate climate. Winters are cold and snowy, while summers are hot and dry. High humidity is observed only off the coast of the Black Sea.
The coolest time in Turkey is January. In the middle of winter, in most of the territory, the thermometer does not rise above +10°C during the day, and at night it drops to +5°C. A little warmer on the Mediterranean coast, where the water is warmed up to +18°C. The warmest shores are in Alanya, and a little cooler on the Aegean coast. One of the coldest cities is Istanbul, where it is rarely warmer than +7°C during the day.
In February, the winds subside, but the weather is still not very friendly. The reason for this is high humidity and high rainfall. The air in the area of the Aegean resorts is warmed up to +12°C, but at night the temperature reaches only +4°C. The average water temperature in the sea is kept at +16°C.
Rainy and snowy weather lasts until the third decade of February, after which the amount of precipitation gradually decreases. The weather in Turkey in winter is ideal for snow sports. Ski resorts are open until March, offering excellent service with a wide range of prices. The northern resorts are especially famous, where in February there is a peak in attendance.
Warming comes with the Sart to Turkey. The water is still not warm enough (+15°C), but on the shores of the Aegean Sea the air is already warm – about +16°C. The warmest resort in March is Alanya, where the air is quite warm (+20°C), but even here the bathing water is still cool.
Excursions around Istanbul in March will be more comfortable than winter ones, since during the day it is only +10°C. At night it is a little cooler – 4°С. The climate of Turkey assumes a sharp warming only in April, so vacationers should look for interesting activities.
April in Turkey is the beginning of the climatic summer. There are more sunny and warm days. For example, in Side the average temperature ranges from +29°С. The level of precipitation is also decreasing. The air near the Aegean coast warms up to + 29 ° С, and the water is still cool – around + 17 ° С. However, some tourists open the swimming season in April. It is this month that last-minute trips to Turkey to the resorts of the Mediterranean region are popular.
On all Turkish seas, except for the Black Sea, a full-fledged beach season starts in May. The air is already warmed up to +27°C, and the water is comfortable for swimming – +23°C. It is worth going to the Black Sea towards the end of the month, when both the air and the sea are warm.
In May, not only the temperature of water and air rises, but also the prices for hotel accommodation and entertainment. However, they are still below summer. This is the main reason to arrange shopping at the end of May, which the weather in Turkey also has in spring.
The average air temperature in beach resorts in June reaches +28-30°С. Nights are cooler, but the air cools down by only 10 degrees, no more. The heat reaches its maximum at noon, although it is not yet so intense. The water temperature is the same as at the end of spring – +20-23°С.
If it rains in June, then only once or twice a week, having a short-term character. At the height of the season, precipitation will definitely not spoil the rest.
The peak holiday season in Turkey is July. This is a hot time and a period of high prices. The air warms up to +34°C, and even at night it does not cool below +27°C. The water in the seas is the warmest in the year – with a temperature of about + 28 ° С. Most of the territory of Turkey has an arid climate, but in Kemer and Beldibi, in the evening, the humidity of the air increases due to the proximity of the mountains. Those who can hardly endure stuffiness should go on vacation to the Black Sea, where it is a little cooler.
The weather in Turkey in summer allows you to practice water sports, relax on the beach and have fun at parties. But on excursions at this time it will be hot.
In August, sultry weather reigns in the Turkish expanses. It is especially hot in the Mediterranean Sea, and the air is slightly warmer in the area of the Aegean beaches. Due to the low level of air humidity, the heat is easier to bear, although the thermometer rarely drops below +33°C.
The water in the seas is on average warmed up to + 27 ° C, which equates it to tropical temperatures. Rain in August is extremely rare. Mostly these are short showers.
Most tourists come to Turkey in September. The air is no longer so hot and stays at +28°C, but the water in the seas is still warm (+27-28°C). It is a little cooler in Belik and Goynuk, and in Bodrum there is a decrease in sea water temperature to +23°C.
The weather in Turkey in autumn suggests an increase in precipitation. But this does not scare tourists. Light rain gives coolness on especially hot days.
In October, the temperature gradually decreases, as do the prices for tourist services. However, tourists are in no hurry to close the beach season. In October, you will be pleasantly surprised by the contrast of temperatures – the air is warmed up to only + 18 ° С, but the water is much warmer – + 23 ° С.
Tourists who study the climate in Turkey before their trip should prepare for a possible cold snap. The weather can change abruptly, and the air temperature will drop by several degrees. Gradually, the level of precipitation also increases. The end of October is especially rainy.
In November, the beach season closes in Turkey, and the last resorts where you can swim in the sea are in Alanya and Side. At the beginning of the month, the thermometer shows +20°C, but in a few weeks it gets significantly colder, and closer to winter you should not expect temperatures above +14°C. Tourists will need a raincoat, an umbrella and a warm water-repellent jacket.
At this time, it is rarely sunny, but the air temperature is comfortable for walking and excursions. In November, in Turkey, it is worth getting acquainted with the culture and cuisine of the country.
At noon, the Turkish air is only warmed up to +16°C, and at night it is +7-8°C. This means that in December you will not be able to swim in the sea. Even romantic walks along the coast will be at risk, as the sea is stormy and the winds do not allow you to enjoy the scenery. Beach lovers are advised to visit the thermal resorts, which are open all year round.
Most tourists are happy to switch to winter leisure. Turkey has many ski resorts. In the mountains, the weather is frosty at night, so the snow cover is stable even at the beginning of winter. For skiing and boarding visit Uludag or Paladokkonen.
Turetchina is beautiful at any time of the year, if you use the climate cheat sheet, which lists the weather in Turkey by months, and choose leisure time that matches the season.