Denmark Facts


Denmark, state in Northern Europe.The real Denmark includes the peninsula of Jutland and the archipelago east of it, whose largest islands are Zealand, Funen and Lolland, as well as the much further east Bornholm. Denmark also includes the Faroe Islands (self-government since 1948) and Greenland (self-government since 1979); 42,959 km 2 (excluding the Faroe Islands and Greenland), 5,814,461 residents (2019). The capital is Copenhagen.

Denmark Country Flag

Country facts

  • Kingdom of Denmark / Kingdom of Denmark
  • Country abbreviation: DK
  • Area: 42 959 km2
  • Population (2019): 5.8 million residents
  • Capital: Copenhagen
  • Main language: Danish
  • State: Monarchy
  • Head of State: Margrethe II (Queen)
  • Head of Government: Mette Frederiksen
  • Per capita GDP (2018): US $ 60,726
  • GNI per capita (2018): US $ 60,190
  • Currency unit: 1 krona = 100 öre
  • Currency code: DKK
  • Country number (telephony): 45
  • Internet domain name: dk
  • Time difference compared to Sweden: 0
  • National Day: June 5 (Fredrik VII signs the Constitution of the Danish Empire, 1849)

Nature

  • Land use: forest (10%), agricultural land (56%), other (34%)
  • Highest mountain: Yding Skovhøj (173 m asl)
  • Longest river: Gudenå (158 km)

Population

  • Population density (2019): 135 residents per km2
  • Natural population growth (2019): 0.1%; birth rate 11 ‰, death rate 10 ‰
  • Age structure (2019): 0-14 years (16%), 15-64 (64%), 65- (20%)
  • Life expectancy (2019): men 79 years, women 83 years
  • Infant mortality (2019): 4 per 1,000 live births
  • Population forecast 2050: 6 million residents
  • HDI (2017): 0.929 (place 11 of 180)
  • Urbanization rate (2019): 88%
  • Most populous cities (2018): Copenhagen (613,288 residents), Aarhus (273,077), Odense (178,210)

Business

  • Industry’s contribution to GDP (2017): agriculture (1%), industry (23%), service (76%)
  • Exports (2017): US $ 113,600 million
  • Main export products: machines and instruments, meat and meat products, dairy products
  • Main exporting countries: Germany, Sweden, UK
  • Imports (2017): US $ 94,930 million
  • Main import products: raw materials, food
  • Main importing countries: Germany, Sweden, the Netherlands
  • Railway network (2017): 3,500 km

Denmark is a prominent island, where the peninsula of Jutland and about 400 islands form an archipelago in the west, while Bornholm and Ertholmene form a smaller group further east. The country is significantly shattered and has more than 7,400 km of coast. No place in Denmark is more than 52 km from the nearest coast and the average height above the sea is no more than 30 m.

According to the 1953 constitution, Denmark is a constitutional monarchy with parliamentarism and a one-room system. Through parliamentarism and the party system, power has been concentrated in the parliamentary majority, and the queen’s role in the cabinet is purely ceremonial. The parliament is elected for four years.

Denmark is one of the world’s richest countries in terms of GDP per capita. The country has a stable economy that is dominated by the service industries and a well-developed industry. The traditionally important agricultural sector has recently declined in importance. The country’s limited domestic market makes it very dependent on its foreign trade. The most important raw material deposits are crude oil and natural gas, which are extracted in the Danish sector of the North Sea.

Denmark Map

Denmark Map

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