Ukraine Facts


Ukraine, State of Eastern Europe; 603,700 km2, 44.6 million residents (2019).Ukraine borders Belarus in the north, the Russian Federation in the north and east, Poland, Slovakia and Hungary in the west, and Romania and Moldova in the southwest. Furthermore, the country has a coast towards the Black Sea to the south. The capital is Kiev (2.9 million residents, 2015).

Ukraine Country Flag

Country facts

  • Ukraine / Ukraine
  • Country abbreviation: UA
  • Area: 603 700 km2
  • Population (2019): 44.6 million residents
  • Capital: Kiev
  • Main language: Ukrainian
  • State: Republic
  • Head of State: Volodymyr Zelenskyj (President)
  • Head of Government: Denys Sjmygal
  • Per capita GDP (2018): US $ 3 095
  • GNI per capita (2018): US $ 2,660
  • Currency unit: 1 hryvnia = 100 kopecks
  • Currency code: UAH
  • Country number (telephony): 380
  • Internet domain name: ua
  • Time difference compared to Sweden: +1
  • National Day: August 24 (Independence Day, 1991)

Nature

  • Land use: forest (17%), agricultural land (57%), other (26%)
  • Highest mountain: Hoverla (2,058 m above sea level)
  • Longest river: Dnieper (2 280 km)

Population

  • Population density (2019): 74 residents per km2
  • Natural population growth (2019): –0.6%; birthrate 8 ‰, deathrate 14 ‰
  • Age structure (2019): 0-14 years (15%), 15-64 (68%), 65- (17%)
  • Life expectancy (2019): men 67 years, women 77 years
  • Infant mortality (2019): 7 per 1,000 live births
  • Population forecast 2050: 34 million residents
  • HDI (2017): 0.751 (place 88 of 189)
  • Urbanization rate (2019): 69%
  • Most populous cities (2015): Kiev (2.9 million residents), Kharkiv (1.4 million), Dnipro (989,800)

Business

  • Industry’s contribution to GDP (2017): agriculture (12%), industry (29%), service (59%)
  • Exports (2017): US $ 39,690 million
  • Main export products: metal, fuel, chemicals
  • Main exporting countries: Russian Federation, Poland, Turkey
  • Imports (2017): US $ 49,060 million
  • Main import products: energy, machinery, chemicals
  • Main importing countries: Russian Federation, China, Germany
  • Railway network (2014): 20 700 km

A large part of Ukraine is the plains and the ravines of river valleys and ravines. Mountain areas occur in the far west (the Carpathians) and in the Crimea annexed by the Russian Federation. The middle parts of the country have small-scale topography that is broken by several rivers. The country has a temperate climate, which, due to the low rainfall, is of a steppe nature.

The constitution gives great power to the president, who is elected in general elections for five years. The legislative power has Parliament, whose members are elected for five years. Ukraine became independent in 1991, when the Soviet Union disbanded. In 2014, Crimea was annexed by the Russian Federation.

With a large and relatively diverse industry, built around significant assets, primarily coal, but also iron ore, Ukraine is one of Europe’s major industrial nations. The country also has good conditions for agriculture. After independence, the business sector has experienced significant reductions in production in many industries, especially in the metallurgical and heavy engineering industry, but also in agriculture. Following strong economic growth at the beginning of the 1990s, the country was hit hard by the international financial crisis in 2008. Extensive corruption, a lack of legal security and the fighting in mainly eastern Ukraine have drastically worsened the country’s crisis.

Ukraine Map

Ukraine Map

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