Ukraine is the second largest country on the European continent. Total area of the country: 603,628 km². Ukraine shares its land borders with 7 closest neighbors: Russia, Belarus, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Hungary and Moldova. The country is washed in the south by the Black and Azov Seas.
Looking at the physical map of Ukraine, one can observe differences in the landscape. Namely, grassy fertile plains with an average height of 175 meters above sea level, prevailing in the east and in the center of the country and constituting 95% of the total area. A moderate upland exists only on 5% of the area, these are the Crimean and Carpathian mountains in the south and west of the country.
In Ukraine, a temperate continental climate covers most of the country’s territory, and a small Mediterranean climate line covers the Crimean peninsula. The best time to visit Ukraine coincides with the beach season from May to September, when the days are warm and the nights are cool. To learn more about the climate and choose the best time to relax in Ukraine, a weather calendar by months will help.
Weather in Ukraine in January
January temperatures drop below 0°C, the country is cold and windy. Average air temperatures in the country fluctuate between -3°C during the day and -5°C at night. It is warmer only in the south (Odessa), where it is up to +4°C during the day, and 0°C at night. During the month, up to 40 mm of precipitation is expected in the country, which will fall in the form of rain near the Black Sea coast, and in the form of snow in the rest of the country. The water temperature off the coast is +7°C.
Weather in Ukraine in February
In February daytime temperatures reach -4°С…-6°С, at night up to -7°С…-9°С. In the south, during the day, the sun will warm the air up to + 8 ° С, cooling down to + 3 ° С at night. For a couple of snowy days, 35-45 mm of precipitation falls. Sea water temperature +7°C.
Weather in Ukraine in March
In March, the arrival of spring is felt, which is accompanied by an increase in daily temperatures and an increase in precipitation. In Kyiv during the day +5°С, at night up to +1°С. In the south during the day + 8 ° С, at night + 4 ° С. In the west in mountainous regions +3°C during the day, -3°C at night. 35-45 mm of precipitation falls per month. During the day, sea water warms up to +9°C.
Weather in Ukraine in April
In April, the daytime temperature in the center and east will be +14°С, at night +7°С. In mountain regions +10°C during the day, +2°C at night. In the south, April is the warmest: from +17°С during the day to +9°С at night. For two rainy days, 25 mm of precipitation falls in the south, and up to 45 mm in the rest of the country. The sea water temperature rises to +13°С.
Weather in Ukraine in May
In May, in the northern, central and eastern regions, during the day the air temperature is +20°С…+23°С, at night +13°С…+15°С. The amount of precipitation rises to 50 mm. In the west, up to 140 mm of precipitation falls, and the air temperature reaches +16°C during the day, dropping to +5°C at night. Sea water temperature +18°С.
Weather in Ukraine in June
In June, the daytime air temperature in the country fluctuates between +20°С…+25°С and +13°С…+19°С after sunset. On the Black Sea coast, the air temperature during the day will be +27°С, at night +15°С. The sea warms up to + 21 ° С… + 23 ° С during the day. The amount of precipitation of 40-70 mm falls over 3-6 rainy days, depending on the region.
Weather in Ukraine in July
On average, during the day throughout the country, the air warms up to + 29 ° С… + 30 ° С, but higher rates are not excluded (for example, in the south). In the capital during the day +30°С, at night +19°С. The “lowest” temperatures are in the west of the country. Here the air warms up to +22°C during the day, dropping to +10°C at night. Rainy days 1-3 per month, the average rainfall is 40 mm. The water temperature off the coast is +25°С.
Weather in Ukraine in August
August is as hot as July. In the capital, the air warms up to +29°C during the day, dropping to +18°C at night. In the south during the day + 31 ° С, and after sunset + 19 ° С. In the west in the mountainous regions during the daytime +22°С, and at night +10°С. 6-8 rainy days and up to 80 mm of precipitation are expected here. On average, in the country in August there are 2-3 rainy days and 30 mm of precipitation. Sea water temperature reaches +25°C.
Weather in Ukraine in September
In September daytime temperatures reach +18°С…+23°С, and at night it fluctuates between +10°С…+17°С. Western regions meet lower temperatures: +17°C during the day and +7°C at night. Here, on average, 60 mm of precipitation will fall in 6 rainy days. The rest of the country receives up to 30 mm of precipitation per month. During the day, sea water warms up to +21°C.
Weather in Ukraine in October
In October, daily temperatures drop significantly, several rainy days come to the country, which bring 30-50 mm of precipitation. In the country, the air warms up to +10°С…+15°С during the day, and cools down to +5°С…+10°С at night. In October, the Black Sea is warmed up to +16°С, and the Sea of Azov – up to +14°С.
Weather in Ukraine in November
In November, during the day the air is warmed up in the northern, central and eastern regions up to +6°С, at night up to +2°С. For 2-3 rainy days, 40 mm of precipitation falls. In the north, the air temperature varies from +4°C during the day to 0°C at night. The southern region is the warmest: during the day +10°С, at night +7°С. The water temperature in the Black Sea is +11°C, and in the Sea of Azov +7°C.
Weather in Ukraine in December
In December, frosts and precipitation in the form of snow come to the country. In Kyiv during the day the air temperature is 0°С, at night it cools down to -2°С. For 1-2 bad days, 35 mm of precipitation falls. In the west, the air temperature varies between -2°C during the day and -6°C at night. The southern region is the warmest: during the day +6°С, at night +3°С. The water temperature in the seas is +3°С…6°С.