Montenegro Facts


Montenegro, state of the Balkan Peninsula in southern Europe; 13,812 km2, 622,000 residents (2019).Montenegro borders in the east to Serbia, in the south to Albania, in the west to Croatia and in the northwest to Bosnia and Herzegovina and in the west to a coastline along the Adriatic Sea. The capital is Podgorica (151,000 residents, 2012). The country was formerly part of Yugoslavia. When Yugoslavia disbanded in 1992, Montenegro became one party to the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, 2003–06; Serbia and Montenegro, but following a referendum in May 2006, independence was declared on June 3 of the same year.

Montenegro Country Flag

Country facts

  • Crna Gora / Republic of Montenegro
  • Country abbreviation: ME
  • Area: 13 812 km2
  • Population (2019): 622,000 residents
  • Capital: Podgorica
  • Main languages: Montenegrin, Serbian
  • State: Republic
  • Head of State: Filip Vujanović (President)
  • Head of Government: Duško Marković
  • Per capita GDP (2018): US $ 8,761
  • GNI per capita (2018): US $ 8,400
  • Currency unit: euro
  • Currency code: EUR
  • Country number (telephony): 382
  • Internet domain name: me
  • Time difference compared to Sweden: 0
  • National Day: June 13 (Recognized as Independent State, 1878)

Nature

  • Land use: forest (60%), agricultural land (38%)
  • Highest mountain: Durmibor (2,533 m above sea level)

Population

  • Population density (2019): 45 residents per km2
  • Natural population growth (2019): 0.1%; birth rate 12 ‰, death rate 11 ‰
  • Age structure (2019): 0-14 years (18%), 15-64 (67%), 65- (15%)
  • Average life expectancy (2019): men 75 years, women 81 years
  • Infant mortality (2019): 2 per 1,000 live births
  • Population forecast 2050: 700,000 residents
  • HDI (2017): 0.814 (place 50 of 189)
  • Urbanization rate (2019): 67%
  • Most populous cities (2017): Podgoica (195,700 residents), Nikšić (70,600) and Bijelo Polje (44,000)

Business

  • Industry’s contribution to GDP (2016): agriculture (8%), industry (16%), service (76%)
  • Exports (2017): US $ 422 million
  • Main export products: aluminum, steel
  • Main exporting countries: Croatia, Serbia, Slovenia
  • Imports (2017): US $ 2,618 million
  • Main import products: machinery, oil products, food
  • Main importing countries: Serbia, Greece, China
  • Railway network (2017): 250 km

Montenegro is dominated by a mountain landscape. Plains are only found along the Adriatic coast and in the southeastern parts, around the capital and Lake Shkodar. The interior of the country has a continental climate with cold winters and hot, humid summers. The coastal area has a Mediterranean climate with hot, dry summers and relatively mild winters.

Montenegro was previously part of Yugoslavia. When Yugoslavia disbanded in 1992, Montenegro became one party to the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, 2003–06 Serbia and Montenegro, but after a referendum in May 2006, independence was declared on June 3 of that year. According to the 2007 Constitution, the President has the executive power while the Parliament has the legislative power. The President is elected for a term of five years, while the members of Parliament are elected for four years.

Montenegro was one of the least industrialized areas in Yugoslavia. Agriculture, tourism and coal, steel and aluminum production were the main industries. During the 2000s, some attempts were made to attract foreign investors. The decline in tourism in the 1990s has started to grow again, which has also led to a sharp increase in the construction industry.

Montenegro Map

Montenegro Map

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