Slovakia has been independent since 1993, when Czechoslovakia was split in two. Since then, the country has been democratized and enjoyed significant economic growth, but the differences between poor and rich in the country have increased.
Key figures and facts
- Capital: Bratislava
- Ethnic groups: Slovaks 80.7%, Hungarians 8.5%, rooms 2%, other/unspecified 8.8% (2011)
- Language: Slovak 78.6%, Hungarian 9.4%, room 2.3%, other/unspecified 9.8% (2011)
- Religion: Catholics 62%, Protestants 8.2%, Greek Catholic 3.8%, other/unspecified 12.5%, no religion 13.4% (2011)
- Control Form: parliamentary
- Area: 49 036 km2
- Currency: euro
- GNP per capita: 30 460 PPP $
- National Day: January 1st
The number of residents in Slovakia is 5,440,602 (2020). From 2019 to 2020, there was a 0.05 percent reduction in population. The birth and death rates are 9.3 and 10.1 per 1000 residents respectively. The birth rate is 1.44 children per woman. Life expectancy at birth is 81.6 years for women and 74.3 years for men (2020).
80.7 percent of the population is Slovak, which, like Czechs and Poles, belongs to the West Slavic people. It is Hungarians who, with 9.4 percent of the population, make up the largest ethnic minority. They live in large parts of the country’s southern areas. The Roma people are estimated at about two percent. Other minority groups include Czechs, Russians, Routers, Ukrainians, Germans and Poles.
53.8 percent of the population in urban areas (2020). The largest city is the capital Bratislava with 432 864 residents, while the city region had a total of 563 682 residents (2020). The country’s second largest city is Košice with 236,563 residents. These are the only two cities with more than 100,000 residents. In Slovakia, there are a total of 68 cities with between 10,000 and 100,000 residents.
65.8 percent of Catholics, 8.2 percent Protestants, and 0.9 percent Orthodox.
The official language is Slovak, which is the mother tongue of 76.4 percent of the population. The largest minority language is Hungarian, which is used by 9.4 percent of the population. Furthermore used Romani, Czech, Polish and Ukrainian.