Slovenia Facts


Slovenia, State of Southern Europe; 20,251 km2, 2.1 million residents (2019). Slovenia, which became independent in 1991, borders in the north to Austria, in the northeast to Hungary, in the east and south to Croatia and in the west to Italy. The capital is Ljubljana (280 300 residents, 2017).

Slovenia Country Flag

Country facts

  • Republic of Slovenia / Republic of Slovenia
  • Country abbreviation: SI
  • Area: 20 251 km2
  • Population (2019): 2.1 million residents
  • Capital: Ljubljana
  • Main languages: Slovenian
  • State: Republic
  • Head of State: Borut Pahor (President)
  • Head of Government: Janez Janša
  • Per capita GDP (2018): US $ 26,234
  • GNI per capita (2018): US $ 24,840
  • Currency unit: euro
  • Currency code: EUR
  • Country Dialing (Telephony): 386
  • Internet domain names: si
  • Time difference compared to Sweden: 0
  • National Day: June 25 (Independence Day, 1991)

Nature

  • Land use: forest (53%), agricultural land (12%), other (35%)
  • Highest mountain: Triglav (2 864 m above sea level)

Population

  • Population density (2019): 104 residents per km2
  • Natural population growth (2019): 0%; birth rate 10 ‰, death rate 10 ‰
  • Age structure (2019): 0-14 years (15%), 15-64 (65%), 65- (20%)
  • Life expectancy (2019): men 78 years, women 80 years
  • Infant mortality (2019): 2 per 1,000 live births
  • Population forecast 2050: 2 million residents
  • HDI (2017): 0.896 (place 25 of 189)
  • Urbanization rate (2019): 55%
  • Most populous cities (2017): Ljubljana (280 300 residents), Maribor (94 900)

Business

  • Industry’s contribution to GDP (2017): agriculture (2%), industry (24%), service (66%)
  • Exports (2017): US $ 32 140 million
  • Main export products: machinery, electric motors, transport equipment
  • Main exporting countries: Germany, Italy, Austria
  • Imports (2017): US $ 30 380 million
  • Main import products: machinery, manufacturing, chemicals
  • Main importing countries: Germany, Italy, Austria
  • Railway network (2014): 1 200 km

Northern Slovenia is mainly a mountain landscape while in the west and south, limestone plateaus are spreading where the water eroded the bedrock and formed caves and underground drains. In the east and south-east there are plains that are pervaded by Sava, Drava and other tributaries to the Danube. Slovenia is in a transition zone between the warm Mediterranean climate and the cooler Central European climate.

According to the constitution, the government has the executive power and is responsible to Parliament. The prime minister is appointed by the president but must be approved by a majority in parliament. This consists of two chambers: the Legislative National Assembly, which elects for four years, and an upper house, which is elected for five years. The president, who is head of state and commander-in-chief, is elected in direct, general elections for five years. In practice, the office is almost entirely ceremonial. The country became independent in 1991.

Slovenia has a well-developed industry and the business sector is largely privatized, although the state has maintained a strong grip on, among other things. banking and insurance. The service sector has grown since independence and accounts for almost two-thirds of GDP.

Slovenia Map

Slovenia Map

You may also like...