Luxembourg Facts


Luxembourg, State of Western Europe; 2 586 km2, 608 000 residents (2019).Luxembourg is located between Belgium, France and Germany. It is one of the Benelux countries and original member of the EU. The capital is Luxembourg (119,200 residents, 2019).

Luxembourg Country Flag

Country facts

  • Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (French) Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (
    Luxembourg) Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
    (German) /
    Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
  • Country abbreviation: LU (L)
  • Area: 2 586 km2
  • Population (2019): 608,000 residents
  • Capital: Luxembourg
  • Main languages: French, Luxembourg, German
  • State: Monarchy
  • Head of State: Henri (Grand Duke)
  • Head of Government: Xavier Bettel
  • Per capita GDP (2018): US $ 114,340
  • GNI per capita (2018): US $ 69 420
  • Currency unit: euro
  • Currency code: EUR
  • Country number (telephony): 352
  • Internet domain name: lu
  • Time difference compared to Sweden: 0
  • National Day: June 23 (Grand Duchess Charlotte’s Birthday)

Nature

  • Land use: forest (34%), agricultural land (51%), other (15%)
  • Highest mountain: Buurgplaatz (559 m asl)

Population

  • Population density (2019): 235 residents per km2
  • Natural population growth (2019): 0.3%; birth rate 10 ‰, death rate 7 ‰
  • Age structure (2019): 0-14 years (16%), 15-64 (70%), 65- (14%)
  • Average life expectancy (2019): men 80 years, women 85 years
  • Infant mortality (2019): 4 per 1,000 live births
  • Population forecast 2050: 800,000 residents
  • HDI (2017): 0.904 (place 21 of 189)
  • Urbanization rate (2019): 91%
  • Most popular cities (2019): Luxembourg (119,200 residents), Esch-sur-Alzette (35,400)

Business

  • Industry’s contribution to GDP (2016): agriculture (0%), industry (11%), service (89%)
  • Exports (2016): US $ 17,100 million
  • Main export products: machinery, steel and metal products, chemicals
  • Main exporting countries: Germany, Belgium, France
  • Imports (2016): US $ 18 330 million
  • Main import products: minerals, food, capital goods
  • Main importing countries: Belgium, Germany, China

Communications

  • Railway network (2014): 275 km
  • Road network (2011): 2 900 km
  • Internet users per 100 residents (2016): 97

Luxembourg is often divided into a northern area, Ösling, which is a plateau landscape, and Gutland, which is the most fertile and densely populated southern part. The climate is quite maritime. The country is a hereditary, constitutional monarchy. General and compulsory voting rights have been in parliament every 19 years since the elections, every five years, which holds the legislative power. The executive power is actually exercised by a Council of Ministers responsible to Parliament.

The country’s economic prosperity was built up by a strong export-oriented industry, dominated by the steel sector, and a service sector where international banking and trade operations are important. The service industries are now the dominant industries. The previously important steel industry has declined in importance, but the multinational steel company Arcelor still has its head office in the country.

Luxembourg Map

Luxembourg Map

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