Lithuania Overview

Country Profile

Lithuania is on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea and is also known as the Republic of Lithuania. The country’s name comes from Polish meaning “rainy country.” Covering an area of 65,300 square kilometers, it has a population of 3.46 million, mainly Lithuanian, with the rest Russian, Polish, and so on. The primary languages are Lithuanian and Russian, and the official language is Lithuanian. The currency is the Litas, and the capital is Vilnius (vilnius).

Lithuania National Flag

The national flag consists of three parallel rectangles, colored yellow, green, and red from the top down.

Lithuania Country Flag

History Summary

In 1240, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania was established and united. In 1385, Lithuania and Poland joined togteher. In 1795, Lithuania was annexed by tsarist Russia. During World War I, Lithuania was under German occupation. During the October Revolution, the legislature set up most of the territory as part of the Soviet regime. On February 16, 1918, Lithuania declared independence, establishing a bourgeois republic. In August 1939, the Soviet Union and Germany signed a secret treaty, and Lithuania was assigned to the Soviet sphere of influence. Soon thereafter it was occupied by the Soviets. When the Soviet-German War broke out, the Germans occupied Lithuania. In 1944, Soviet troops entered Lithuania, and the Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic was established. On March 1, 1990, Lithuania declared independence from the Soviet Union.

Economy and Culture Overview

Lithuania has highly developed agriculture. Agricultural products are mainly long-fiber flax, potatoes, cereals, and pulses. Animal husbandry mainly involves cattle and pigs. Lithuania has also developed offshore fishing.

The capital, Vilnius, is the political, economic, cultural and transportation center. It has an 800-year history; the city was built on mountains, with each layer increasingly beautiful. The city has hundreds of different styles of ancient architecture, of which the most famous is the Santa Ana Cathedral, known as the Gothic Art Gallery in the Pearl. In addition, Vilinius hosts the Polish poet’s Mickiewicz old home, known as the “Vilnius” castle cradle.

Santa Ana Cathedral

Lithuania’s ancient church, the Santa Ana Cathedral is in Vilnius. Built in the 16th century, its Gothic architecture is regarded as exemplary. The church is 22 meters high and wide. From 33 different sections of tile laying, it is a complex structure. The top has a tall main tower, holding a number of small towers surrounded with care. The lines have a strange beauty, as if the clouds were hanging.

Lithuania Map

Lithuania Map

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