Andorra Facts


Andorra, partly independent principality between France and Spain; 468 km2, 77,000 residents (2019).Andorra, which includes a valley system in the eastern Pyrenees, is under the sovereignty of France’s president and bishop. The capital is Andorra la Vella (19,800 residents, 2019).

Andorra Country Flag

Country facts

  • Principate of Andorra / Principality of Andorra
  • Country abbreviation: AD
  • Area: 468 km2
  • Population (2019): 77,000 residents
  • Capital: Andorra la Vella
  • Main language: Catalan
  • State: Monarchy
  • Head of State: Emmanuel Macron (President of France) and Joan Enric Vives Sicília (Bishop of Urgel)
  • Head of Government: Antoni Martí
  • Per capita GDP (2018): US $ 42,030
  • GNI per capita: no data available
  • Currency unit: euro
  • Currency code: EUR
  • Country number (telephony): 376
  • Internet domain name: ad
  • Time difference compared to Sweden: 0
  • National Day: September 8 (Paréage contract, 1278)

Nature

  • Land use: forest (34%), agricultural land (38%), other (28%)

Population

  • Population density (2019): 164 residents per km2
  • Natural population growth (2019): 0.2%; birth number 7 ‰, death number 4 ‰
  • Age structure (2019): 0-14 years (14%), 15-64 (72%), 65- (14%)
  • Life expectancy (2017): 82 years, men 80 years, women 85 years
  • Infant mortality (2019): 3 per 1,000 live births
  • Population forecast 2050: 81 900 residents
  • HDI (2017): 0.858 (place 35 of 189)
  • Urbanization rate (2019): 88%
  • Most populous cities (2019): Andorra la Vella (19,800 residents), Les Escaldes (15,000)

Business

  • Industry’s contribution to GDP (2015): agriculture (12%), industry (34%), service (54%)
  • Export (2015): USD 79 million
  • Main export products: tobacco products, furniture
  • Main exporting countries: Spain, France
  • Imports (2015): US $ 1,257 million
  • Main import products: consumer goods, food
  • Main importing countries: Spain, France

Andorra is a principality between France and Spain. The country has pronounced rocky terrain with sharp ridges, the peaks of which in several places rise to close to 3,000 m above sea level, between plateaus that are penetrated by deep valleys. In winter, the area is snow-covered, but in the summer it has an intense greenery.

According to the constitution, the President of France and the Spanish bishop of Urgel are the country’s heads of state, but their positions are essentially formal. The legislative power lies with a parliament that is elected in general elections every four years. The tourism industry forms the basis of the country’s economy and accounts for more than 80% of GDP.

Andorra Map

Andorra Map

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