Burundi Overview

Country Profile

The Republic of Burundi is located in central and eastern Africa, covering an area of 278 square kilometers. The population is around 6.8 million, mainly composed of the people of the Hutu, Tutsi, and Twa tribes, of which 84% are Hutu. Catholicism is the main religion, with the official languages Kirundi and French. The currency is the Burundi franc and the capital is Bujumbura.

Burundi National Flag

The red of the Burundi national flag symbolizes the struggle for freedom and the blood shed by the victims. Green symbolizes the hope of progress, and white is reminiscent of the fact that peace exists among humans. Three red stars stand for “unity, labor, and progress,” but also the ethnic solidarity of the three major tribes in Burundi, the Hutu, Tutsi, and Twa.

Burundi Country Flag

History Summary

In the 17th century Tutsi herders established a feudal kingdom, with the local Hutu eventually ruling. In 1890, Burundi became part of German East Africa, and in 1922 became a Belgian mandated territory. In 1946, the United Nations passed a resolution announcing that Burundi was to be managed by Belgium On June 27, 1962, the 16th Session of the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution on the independence of Burundi. On July 1 of the same year, the Kingdom of Burundi declared its independence. On November 28, 1966, the Micombero coup established the Republic of Burundi, and on November 1, 1976, the Bagaza coup established the second Republic of Burundi. Finally, on September 5, 1987, the Major Buyoya coup overthrew the Bagaza regime and established the Third Republic.

Economy and Culture Overview

According to the United Nations, Burundi is one of the world’s least developed countries. Agriculture and animal husbandry are the staples of the economy, with more than 90% of the population engaged in one of these two fields. The main food crops are maize, rice, sorghum, potatoes, and plantains, and the main cash crops are coffee, tea, and cotton. In recent years, animal husbandry has witnessed a recession, and now agro-processing industries, textiles, cigarettes, and power generation are at the forefront.
Burundi’s soil is red soil, and its climate is also suitable for coffee cultivation. It also has the world’s most diversified and successful coffee businesses, with coffee trees Ngozi growing at an altitude of 1200 meters. Burundi coffee is aromatic and rich in flavor, with excellent acidity.

Lake Tanganyika

The East African Great Rift Valley is located in the south west branch of Lake Tanganyika, the second of the East African Great Lakes. From north to south it is 720 kilometers, and is one of the world’s longest freshwater lakes, with a depth of 1470 meters, second only to Lake Baikal, the world’s second deepest lake. Is spans an area of 32,900 square kilometers.┬áThe long and narrow Lake Tanganyika was created due to the formation of crustal faults. The only water exports lukuga.


The people of Burundi like music, and the drum is a symbol of the ancient kingdom. During major holidays, people beat drums for celebration, encouraging people to folk dance. Dancers wear a red and white robe, side jump edge knock.

Burundi Map

Burundi Map

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