The Republic of Zimbabwe, which gets its name for the Shona word for “Stone City,” is located in southeastern Africa, covering an area of 390,580 square kilometers. It has a population of 11.63 million people, mainly ethnic Shona and Ndebele. Primary religions are Christianity or traditional religion, and the most common languages spoken are English, Shona and Don Black Debele. The currency is the Zimbabwe dollar and the capital is Harare.
Zimbabwe National Flag
The Zimbabwean flag contains seven horizontal strips of color, with a white triangle to the left hand side which contain a five-pointed star symbolic of the country and the Zimbabwean national bird. The color green, found at the top and bottom of the flag, symbolizes agriculture. Yellow represents mineral resources, red symbolizes the blood shed in the armed struggle for independence, black represents the dark skin of the population, and the white of the triangle denotes peace.
Approximately 1100 years ago, Zimbabwe was part of a centralized state. In the 13th century, Makalunjia established the Monomotapa Kingdom, and in the 15th century it became the Ding Gu Kingdom. In 1890 the country became a British colony, and in 1923, the British Government claimed ‘dominion’ over the place. On April 18, 1980, independence was declared and the country became known as the Republic of Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe stone Shao Na
The Shona’s stone carvings show their worship, with God’s work a central theme. The Zimbabwean bird is also represented. The ancient Shona people created soap stone carvings of birds, about 50 centimeters high., the body, such as eagles, like pigeons, this beautiful ancient art treasures is the earliest ever found one of Shona stone, 500 years of history, is Zimbabwe national treasure.
Economy and Culture Overview
Zimbabwe is one of Africa’s more developed industrial countries, second only to South Africa in southern Africa. Industry, mining, and agriculture are the three pillars of the economy., with high production of food products, metal products, chemicals, textiles, and other industrial products. Approximately 70% of the population are involved in agricultural work, and the main crops are tobacco, cotton, corn, and sugar cane. Zimbabwe is the world’s third-largest tobacco exporter, and Harare has the world’s largest tobacco auction.
Zimbabwe is rich in natural resources, Zhenqidongwu varieties, the most precious black rhino as the “black gold.” Aluminum, asbestos, gold, iron, and copper are produced. Zimbabwe’s rivers and lakes are the crocodile infested, and as such the country produces high-quality crocodile skin.
Great Zimbabwe Ruins
Located about 27 kilometers southeast of Fort Victoria is a group of mysterious ancient stone buildings known as ‘Stone City.’ Built around 6-8th century AD, the site covers 725 hectares and is comprised of buildings of about 30 cm, 10 cm thick granite stone Lei Cheng, and stones, without any binding, the structure is very complex, rock, stone conical tower cleverly distributed everywhere. The site includes a large paddock and an acropolis, with a valley separating the two. There is also a large oval yard, with curved walls, now in ruins. In the valley near the ancient buildings there are also canals, wells, and other archaeological sites.
The Zambezi River and Victoria Falls serve as a border between Zambia and Zimbabwe, stretching over 974 meters. The waterfall is 1,600 meters wide, with a drop of about 106 meters, and was named by Livingstone, a British explorer, after Queen Victoria. It is also known as Mosi O Tunya Falls in Zambia. The average flow is 1,400 cubic meters per second, with up to 5,000 cubic meters during the rainy season. The waterfall is divided into five sections of rock, which from west to east are: “Devil Falls,” the “Main Waterfall,” “Horseshoe Falls,” “Rainbow Falls” and “East Falls.” These five parts plummet water into a 400 meters wide pit, creating columns of mist rising hundreds of meters. This can be seen hundreds of miles away, and the deafening roar can also be heard.