The Union of the Comoros, also known as the Comoros, are a group of volcanic islands found in the Indian Ocean, covering an area of 2,236 square kilometers. The islands are home to a population of 749,000, most of whom are Muslim and of Arab ancestry. French and Arabic are the official languages, the currency is the Comoros franc, and the capital is Moroni.
Comoros National Flag
The national flag of Comoros is influenced by Islam, with the familiar green of Muslim countries, the new moon, and four five-pointed stars representative of the four main islands: yellow is for Moheli, white for Mayotte, red for Anjouan, and blue for Grand Comore.
Long before the Western colonial invasion the Comoros were under the control of the Arab Sudanese. In 1841, the French invaded Mayotte, and by 1886, they controlled the other three islands. In 1912, the four Comoros islands officially became a colony of France, and in 1946 became a French “overseas territory.” In 1961 and internal self-government was established, and on 6 July, l975, independence was declared along with the establishment of the Republic of Comoros. On October 22, 1978, the country changed its name to the Islamic Federal Republic of Comoros, but later changed its name again to the Union of Comros on December 25, 2001.
Economy and Culture Overview
The Comoros is one of the world’s least developed countries. Its economy is dominated by agriculture, mainly the cultivation of spice, coconut, banana, coffee and other tropical crops. Eagle blue flavor production in the world, China ranks second in Manila production, in addition to direct production clove, jasmine, lemon, and spice crops, is the world’s major producer and exporter of spices, one of the “spice of the State” reputation. Trachypenaeus Lan, China Manila, clove and coconut is known as the Comoros four treasures, is the main source of foreign exchange Comoros and economic pillars.
Located southeast of the capital, Moron, the world famous Karthala volcano stands at 2,36l meters above sea level, and is the highest peak on the Comoros Islands. Its crater is 3.2 kilometers in diameter, 500 meters deep, weekly up to 15 kilometers. The volcano is surrounded by a dense forest around the volcano, creating beautiful scenery. Karthala volcano is extremely active, constantly emitting water vapor and a smell of sulfur, causing the whole mountain to be wrapped in fog.