Comoros Facts

Comoros, African state of the Indian Ocean; 2,200 km2, 832,000 residents (2019).The Comoros, located in the Mozambique Canal northwest of Madagascar, consist of several islands, of which Ngazidja (Grande Comore), Mwali (Mohéli) and Nzwani (Anjouan) are the largest. Claims are also made on the island of Mayotte (Mahoré), which, however, still constitutes a French “collectivité territoriale”. The capital is Moroni (54,000 residents, 2011) on Ngazidja.

Comoros Country Flag

Country facts

  • Jumhuriyyat al-Qumur al-Ittihadiyya al-Islamiyya / Union of the Comoros
  • Country abbreviation: KM
  • Area: 2 200 km2
  • Population (2019): 832,000 residents
  • Capital: Moroni
  • Main languages: Arabic, French, Shikomor (Comoro, Comorian)
  • State: Republic
  • Head of State and Head of Government: Azali Assoumani (President)
  • Per capita GDP (2018): US $ 1,446
  • GNI per capita (2018): US $ 1,320
  • Currency: 1 franc = 100 centimes
  • Currency code: KMF
  • Country number (telephony): 269
  • Internet domain name: km
  • Time difference compared to Sweden: +2
  • National Day: July 6 (Independence Day, 1975)


  • Highest mountain: Kartala (2,361 m above sea level)


  • Population density (2019): 378 residents per km2
  • Natural population growth (2019): 2.5%; birth number 32 ‰, death number 7 ‰
  • Age structure (2019): 0-14 years (39%), 15-64 (58%), 65- (3%)
  • Life expectancy (2019): men 62 years, women 66 years
  • Infant mortality (2019): 54 per 1,000 live births
  • Population forecast 2050: 2 million residents
  • HDI (2017): 0.503 (place 165 of 189)
  • Urbanization rate (2019): 29%
  • Most populous city (2011): Moroni (54,000 residents)


  • Industry’s contribution to GDP (2017): agriculture (48%), industry (12%), service (40%)
  • Exports (2017): US $ 19 million
  • Main export product: vanilla
  • Main exporting countries: France, India, Germany
  • Imports (2017): US $ 208 million
  • Main import products: rice, oil products, meat
  • Main importing countries: United Arab Emirates, France, China
  • Railway network: nothing in operation

The Comoros is a volcanic archipelago that includes three larger islands and a number of small, all surrounded by coral reefs. Mayotte, the fourth major island in the archipelago, is linked to France. The tropical islands have a dry season in May to October, when the average temperature is 20 °C, while the rainy season in summer, November to April, is humid and hot, around 28 °C.

After several years of deep division between the islands of the Federal Republic, the Union of the Comoros was formed when a new constitution was adopted in a referendum in 2001. According to this constitution, the three islands of Ngazidja (Grande Comore), Nzwani (Anjouan) and Mwali (Mohéli) enjoy far-reaching autonomy. The Union is led by a president, who is head of state. The President and two governors represent the three islands and together form a Union Council. They are elected for five years, and the presidential post rotates between the three islands. The Comoros became independent in 1975.

It is a poor agricultural country and you have serious problems with overpopulation, high unemployment and a poorly developed transport network. More than half of the population is employed in agriculture. vanilla, cloves and ylang-ylang (perfume plants).

Comoros Map

Comoros Map

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