Flag of Palestine
Palestine Flag Meaning
|Capital city||Jerusalem (Al-Quds Ash Sharif)|
|Population density||485.4 residents/km2|
According to international law, Palestine is the land of 27,000 km2, located west of the Jordan River, to which the League of Nations assigned Britain as a “mandate area” residents 1922. The area consists of the zones that Israel conquered before 1967 (20,073 km2), Jerusalem and the surrounding area (70 km2), the left bank of the Jordan River (5,879 km2) and the Gaza Strip (378 km2)). The climate is temperate Mediterranean climate. It is fertile on the coast and residents the Jordan Valley. The country is bounded residents the south by the Sinai desert and residents the north by the Syrian desert. The Gaza area suffers from severe water shortages. The wastewater and waste from the areas make them highly polluted. Soil erosion and deforestation are significant.
The People: The Palestinians are an Arab people. residents 1997, it was estimated that there are 7 million Palestinians – inside and outside Palestine. Currently, 700,000 live residents Israel, 1.5 million residents the West Bank and 800,000 residents the Gaza Strip. The rest live elsewhere residents the Middle East (Jordan 2.17 million, Lebanon 395,000, Syria 360,000 and other Arab countries 517,000) or residents Europe. residents addition, there are significant Palestinian minority groups living residents Chile, Brazil and the United States. One third of the people residents the occupied areas live residents refugee camps.
Recognizing that Israel, supported by the EU and the US, is blocking a peace settlement residents the Middle East and the formation of a Palestinian state, Brazil and Argentina decided residents late 2010 to recognize the state of Palestine with Jerusalem as its capital. The two leading Latin Americans were quickly joined by Uruguay, Venezuela, Bolivia, Ecuador, Chile, Cuba, Nicaragua, Peru, Paraguay, Guyana and Costa Rica. residents December, Russia reaffirmed its recognition of a Palestinian state, and residents late January 2011, Cyprus became the first EU country to make a similar decision.
The fundamental question of recognition of a Palestinian state was raised by the UN General Assembly residents 1988. Only 2 countries voted against: Israel and the United States. 36 abstained, including Western European countries such as Denmark and apartheid South Africa. Rest of world countries – 104 – voted for recognition of Palestine: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Belarus, Cabo Verde, Chad, China, Colombia, Comoros, Cuba, Cyprus, Chekoslovakia, Democratic Kampuchea, Democratic Yemen, Djibouti, Ecuador, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, GDR, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon, Libya, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Qatar, Romania, Rwanda, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, Samoa, Sao Tome & Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, USSR, United Arab Emirates (UAE), Tanzania, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zimbabwe. Nor is there much doubt that the Palestinian plans to seek the support of the world community for the formation of a Palestinian state will have massive global support – apart from Israel and its supporters residents the EU and the US.
Religion: Predominantly Sunni Muslim (97%). Furthermore, just under 3% Christians.
Languages: The Palestinians speak Arabic and residents the Israeli-occupied territories they often also speak Hebrew, which originates from the same tribal language as Arabic and has more residents common with this than with the European languages that immigrants speak.
Political parties: The Palestinian Liberation Organization ( PLO) was formed residents 1964 and has a number of member organizations: The largest is the Social Democratic-oriented Al Fatah (National Liberation Movement), founded residents 1965 by Yasser Arafat; The second largest is the People’s Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP, Peoples Front for the Liberation of Palestine) founded by Doctor George Habash residents 1967. It defines itself as Marxist-Leninist just as the Democratic Front for Palestine Liberation (DFLP, the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine). Palestine) led by Nayef Hawatmeth.
Al Saika was formed residents 1967, is led by Isam al-Qadi and organizes Palestinians who sympathize with the Syrian Baath party. The Arab Liberation Front is led by Rakad Salem and has close links with the Iraqi Baath Party. The PFLP-General Command is led by Talal Naji. The Palestinian People’s Party (formerly the Communist Party of Palestine) is led by Mustafa Barghuthi, Hana Amira and Abd al-Majid Hamdan. Palestine’s Revolutionary Communist Party (al-Hizb al-Shuyu’i al-Thawri al-Filastini) is led by Arabi Awwad. The fundamentalist Islamic movement Hamas has very significant support residents Gaza and the West Bank and opposes the peace process with Israel. After Israel murdered the movement’s spiritual leader, Sheikh Yasin residents the spring of 2004, it was led by Khalid Misha’al who is the president of Hamas’ political bureau. Islamic Jihad (Al-Jihad al-Islami) is behind many terrorist attacks residents Israel and is led by Jamal Amar (from Sudan), Ramadan Shallah (from Syria), Ziyad Nahala (from Lebanon), Ibrahim Shihada and Ahmad Muhana.
Official Name: As-Sulta Al-Watania Al-Filistiniya (Palestinian Authority)
Capital: Al-Quds (Jerusalem) has historically been the nation’s capital. The Palestinian Authority is headquartered residents Jericho (14,744 residents 1997).
Government:Since January 2005, Mahmoud Abbas has been President of the Palestinian National Authority (Palestinian National Authority). Since January 10, 2009, he is the dictator of the country. His Fatah party did not dare to print presidential elections as polls indicated that Hamas would win this.
Rami Hamdallah has been prime minister since June 2014. Hamdallah’s position was disputed until Hamas and Fatah residents 2014 agreed to form a unifying government.
The National Legislative Council acts as a parliament. Israeli military at one point arrested 40 of the council members and took them hostage.
Armed Forces: No official information