Iraq is in the northeast Arabian Peninsula and is also known as the Republic of Iraq. “Iraq” means “vessel” in Arabic. The name of Iraq for Mesopotamia comes from the dense water network, which is like blood vessels. The country has an area of 441,800 square km and a population of 23.58 million, 74% of whom are Arabs, with the others Kurds, Turks, and so on. Residents are Muslim. The official language is Arabic, but English is also spoken. Iraqi dinar is the currency. Baghdad (Baghdad) is the capital.
Iraq National Flag
Flag is composed of red, white, and black, with three green, five-pointed stars in the middle, along with the Arabic words “God is great.” The four colors are Pan-Arab colors, representing the Japanese polo Asia, Muhammad, Abbas, and Fatima, four of the Hashemite dynasty. In addition, red and white symbolize grandeur and peace, black is a symbol of jihad and the victory of San oil, and green symbolizes the land. The three stars are symbols of unity, freedom, and socialism.
Iraq has a long history. In 4700 BC, there was slavery in the city-state. Established in 2000 BC, Babylon was one of the four ancient civilizations. Since 550 BC, it has been successively invaded and dominated by the Persians, the Arab Empire, and the Ottoman Empire. In 1920, Iraq became a British “Mandate area.” In August 1921, Iraq declared independence, and established the Kingdom of Iraq. Iraq achieved full independence in 1952. On July 14, 1958, the Sal dynasty was overthrown, establishing the Republic of Iraq.
On August 2, 1990, Iraqi suddenly invaded Kuwait. The UN Security Council demanded that Iraq withdraw from Kuwait, and decided to impose sanctions against Iraq. On January 17, 1991, the US-led multinational forces in Iraq launched the “Desert Storm” military action. A strong multinational force joined the offensive, and Iraq announced on February 27 that they would withdraw their military from Kuwait. The war lasted a month.
Economy and Culture Overview
Oil production and export dominated the national economy. After the August 1990 Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, the United Nations decided to impose strict economic sanctions against Iraq, and the Iraqi economy suffered a major blow. In December 1996, Iraq was permitted, by the United Nations’ “oil for food” program, to export $2 billion U.S. per year of oil to buy food, medicine, and other humanitarian goods. In April 2005, the United States launched a war in Iraq to overthrow Saddam Hussein, and the Iraqi economy has suffered heavy losses.
Iraq is rich in date palms, and their cultivation can be traced back 5000 years. Since ancient times, date palm trees have been considered auspicious and noble. Iraqi dates were one-third of the total global annual output, ranking first in the world. Iraq is known as the “date country.”
“Arabian Nights” in the home – Baghdad
There is the ancient legend of the cruel king of Baghdad, who one day would marry a princess, only to kill her at the next day’s light. The Prime Minister’s daughter, Sandro, voluntarily marries the king to save them. Every night, she tells the king a story, only to have a sudden interruption in a key area. After the king hears the story, he decides not to kill her. She talked for 1001 consecutive nights, and finally convinced the king not to kill her; he officially makes her queen. Later this story became the mysterious Arabian Classical Literature, the “Arabian Nights.” “Alibaba and Sishitaidao” and “Aladdin’s Lamp” are among the stories. Now on Bagedanu gas street still stands, “one thousand and one nights,” a bronze sculpture of the princess story.
Khulna is located in southern Iraq. The confluence of the Euphrates and Tigris forms a vast marshy area. Here the reeds reach up to six meters and the papyrus reaches up to three meters tall. Reed marshes and numerous ducks provide wide scenery. Local residents build reed houses on small hills, the floor mostly made of papyrus pressed into the plate mixed with soil. The Christian myth of Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden was said to have taken place here. The people on the marshes live on fishing and game birds.
Iraq’s largest port city, situated at the confluence of the Tigris and the west bank of the Euphrates, Basra is a connection to the Persian Gulf and the only hub of the inland river system. Waterways and canals crisscross the city, known as the “Venice of the East.” The West Bank of the Euphrastes has dense date palm trees. Two-thirds of the date palm in Iraq are here.
Ancient ruins of Babylon
Iraq was very powerful in Babylonian times. About 90 kilometers southeast of Baghdad, the ancient city of Babylon, built in 3000 BC, is located. The remains of a magnificent grand palace are still preserved, with tall, arched gates, sculptures, and beautiful buildings, paved with stone and asphalt poured a guard of honor Avenue. The famous “hanging gardens” in the ancient city is the most impressive building. For the king’s wife, who was from the mountains, a large number of specially-built platforms are like an artificial mountain, and a technical means of irrigation allowed flowers to grow on the platforms. People came from far away to see the flowers and herbs everywhere. These Hanging Gardens of Babylon were known as one of the “seven wonders of ancient civilization.”