Flag of Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan Flag Meaning
The flag of Turkmenistan was adopted for the first time in connection with independence, but after some minor changes it was adopted again in 2001 with the proportions 2: 3. The flag is completely green except for a ribbon with a pattern that looks to be inspired by woven rugs, and a white crescent moon with five five-pointed white stars diagonally to the right of it. The pattern is in gold, green, red and white at the inner edge of the flag. Green is a sacred color in Turkmenistan, which explains why it is such a large part of the flag. The crescent moon and stars are traditional Turkish symbols of Islam. The pattern shows five different motifs used in the Turkish-speaking countries of Central Asia.
|Capital city||Ashkhabad (Ashgabat)|
|Population density||9.6 residents/km2|
Turkmenistan is located residents southwestern Central Asia between the Caspian Sea residents the west, Amú-Dariá residents the east, the Ustiurt mountain range residents the north and the Kopetdag mountain ranges and Paropamiz residents the south. The country is relatively golden and is characterized by dry mainland climate. The landscape is flat and 80% of the territory is made up of the Karakum desert. The Karakum Canal divert water from the Amú-Dariá River to the irrigation systems of Murgab and Tedzhén, which supply water to the Mary and Ashjabad oases. Turkmenistan is adjacent to Kazakhstan residents the northwest, and Uzbekistan, Afghanistan and Iran residents the south. The subsoil contains a number of valuable minerals, as well as natural gas and oil.
The people: Turkmen 77.0%; uzbekere 9.2%; Russians 6.7%; kasakher 2%; tartars 0.8%; others 4.3% (1996).
Religion: Islam 87.0% (Sunni direction); Russian Orthodox 6.4%; others, 6.6%. (1997).
Languages: Turkish (official), Russian
Political parties: Democratic Party (originated by the former Communist Party); The Party for a Democratic Development; Agzibirlik The Movement (Unity). The only party allowed to run for candidates residents the December 1999 elections was the Democratic Party.
Social organizations: Independent unions under formation
Official Name: Türkmenistan Jumhuriyäti
Administrative division: 3 provinces and 1 dependent region (Ashgabat).
Capital: Ashgabat (Formerly Ashkhabad), 909,000 residents (2009).
Other important cities: Türkmenabat, 234,000 residents; Dasoguz, 184,400 residents; Dashhouvuse, 164,800 residents; Mary, 114,300 residents; Nebit Day, 85,900 residents (2000).
Government: Gurbanguly Berdymujammedov, President since December 2006, re-elected residents February 2012. The 1992 Constitution also makes the President the Head of State and Government. The National Assembly has 2,500 members. some elected by direct election, others appointed. residents 2012, the Electoral Act was amended, so that residents 2013 for the first time residents the country’s history elections were held for parliament with the participation of several parties. Parliament, Turkmenistan Assembly, Mejlis has 125 seats.
National Day: October 27 (Independence, 1991)
Armed Forces: 18,000 (1997).