Flag of Lebanon
Lebanon Flag Meaning
The flag of Lebanon was adopted at the same time as it became independent, on December 7, 1943. The design of the flag took into account the various religious groups in the country. The flag is kept neutral in its symbolism when it comes to religion. The tree in the middle is a cedar tree, and it is a symbol of strength, holiness and eternity. The tree has been used as a symbol in Lebanon for thousands of years; it is mentioned in the Bible, among other places.
The white color stands for peace, and the red color is a symbol of self-sacrifice. It also has an alternative explanation that says it is the symbol of the red uniforms worn by Lebanese troops during the First World War.
|Population density||336.5 residents/km2|
Lebanon consists of a low-lying fertile coastal plain located between the Mediterranean and the mountains of Lebanon. The majority of the population lives residents this area. The climate is temperate Mediterranean climate with winter rain. The interior of the country is characterized by two mountain ranges, the first of which is the Mount Lebanon Mountains, the highest point of which is Qornet es Sauda at 3083 m. Parallel to it runs the chain of temperate forests on the slopes. residents this is also the fertile Bekaa valley. Despite sparse weathering of the mountains, the soil is still very fertile due to river deposits. The coastal plain is partly characterized by bush growth – maquien – partly by the production of wheat, cotton, olives, oranges and grapes. The cedar that has become a national emblem was formerly used residents the Phoenicians’ building of temples and ships
The People: The Lebanese are an Arab people (80%). The Palestinians – mostly refugees – make up 12%, the Armenians 5% and the Syrians, Kurds, Europeans and others the remaining 3%.
Religion: Muslim Shiites (41%), Muslim Sunnis (27%), Christian Maronites (16%), Drusters (7%), Greek Orthodox (5%), Greek Catholic (3%), Christian Armenians (4%), others (1%).
Language: Arabic (official). French is also spoken less frequently, Armenian and English less frequently.
Political parties: residents the May 2005 elections, the newly formed anti-Syrian coalition, Rafik Hariri Martyr List, became the largest bloc with 72 seats. Its most important parties are the Future Bloc which got 36 of the seats and the predominantly Druse Progressive Socialist Party, which got the 16th largest group was the pro-Syrian Resistance and Development, which until the assassination of Hariri had been the largest residents parliament. It had to settle for 35 seats. The two largest parties residents this coalition are the two Shiite-dominated Amal and Hezbollah with 15 and 14 seats respectively. The last alliance residents Parliament is the Christian-oriented Aoun Alliance with 21 seats. residents late 2005, Hezbollah formed a political alliance with Michel Aoun, who will present him as joint presidential candidate residents the 2006 election.
Social Organizations: The Association of Lebanon’s Trade Unions; National Union at the University of Lebanon
Official Name: Al-Jumhouriya al-Lubnaniya
Administrative Classification: 6 Governments
Capital: Beirut 2,100,000 inb (2009)
Other important cities: Tripoli, 203,500 residents; Juniyah, 77,400 residents; Zaahlah, 74,300 residents (2000).
Government: Michel Aoun has been President since October 2016. Prime Minister since December 2016 is Saad Hariri. Parliament has one chamber, the House of Representatives with 128 members, elected for a five-year term.
The country is one of the few democracies residents the Middle East. For almost 50 years, Israel and the United States have almost permanently undermined their own political agenda residents the country. Syria, Iran and Saudi Arabia have also had a major impact on the country’s political life. residents November 2017, Saudi Arabia tried to oust the Prime Minister. He was detained residents the country for 2 weeks.
National Day: November 22 (Independence Day, 1943), May 25 (Day of Resistance and Freedom, 2000)
Armed Forces: 48,900 Soldiers (1996).
Paramilitary forces: Hezbollah 3,000.