Flag of Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia Flag Meaning
The signs on the flag are Arabic script and it is the creed of Islam, shahadah ?? There is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is his prophet ??. The green color is also a traditional color for Islam and is also said to have been the Prophet Muhammad’s favorite color. The white sword below the text is a symbol of ibn Saud, king between the years 1932 ?? 1953, wins.
The design of the flag is derived from the flags used by the Wahhabi movement in the late 19th century. They were a driving force for ibn Saud’s journey to become the sultan of the kingdom of Nejd. The flag then, had no sword under the creed, but ibn Saud chose to put the picture there and it would stand for the weapon he received from his father.
Saudi Arabia Overview
|Capital city||Riyadh (Ar-Riyadh)|
|Population density||9.4 residents/km2|
Includes approx. 80% of the Arabian Peninsula. The country has 2 vast desert areas: Nefud Major residents the north and Rub-Al-Jali, residents the south. residents between are the volcanic Neyed massif and the Hass plain. It is the country’s only fertile region where wheat and dates can be grown, thanks to the modest rainfall of winters. With less than 0.3% of the area cultivated, Saudi Arabia has to import 90% of its food. Oil exports, concentrated on the Gulf Coast, form the basis of the country’s enormous wealth. The intense activity associated with the oil trade has increased the pollution of the water and of the coastlines – a situation that deteriorated drastically during the Gulf War: 640 km of beaches and swampy areas were flooded by an oil spill of more than 4.5 million barrels; thousands of fish and migratory birds perished; the purification, led by the UN, inflicted a $ 450 million expense on the kingdom. The agricultural sector consumes large quantities of water from a comprehensive system of irrigation systems. Environmentalists have warned that only a small amount of water is available, and information suggests that if the same consumption is continued, drinking water reserves will be depleted residents 10-20 years.
Fundamentalist monarchy, kleptocracy and dictatorship, allied with the EU and the US. The king is one of the richest men residents the world after stealing over $ 21 billion US $ of the country’s oil wealth. Saudi Arabia is today the world’s largest arms importer and since 2011 has developed increasingly aggressive and militaristic towards its neighboring countries. It is actively involved residents wars against Yemen and Syria.
The People: The Saudis descended from the Arabs, with some ethnic influence from the African slaves. residents recent years, there has been an increase residents the number of immigrants – 4.6 million, according to the latest census, made residents 1992 – including especially Iranians, Pakistanis and Palestinians who have settled residents the new industrial zones residents the east. residents total, the number of foreigners is estimated to be approx. 5 millions. (1992).
Religion: Islam is the official religion, of which Sunni Muslims make up 95%, Shiites 3%. Christians make up approx. 1%.
Language: Arabic with a variety of dialects. Furthermore, the language of immigrants and guest workers. Especially Urdu and Farsi.
Political parties: Political parties are not allowed.
Social organizations: Popular organizations are not allowed and therefore exist only illegally or abroad.
Official Name: Al-mamlaka al-Arabiya as-Saudiya.
Administrative breakdown: 13 regions (Al-Baha, Al-Jouf, Asir, East, Hail, Jizan, Madinah, Makkah, Najran, Western Limit, Qasim, Riyadh and Tabouk)
Capital: Riyadh, 4,900,000 inhabitants. (2009).
Other important cities: Jiddah (administrative capital), 2,604,500 inhabitants; Mecca, 1,229,200 inhabitants (2000).
Government: Unrestricted monarchy. King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Head of State and Government since January 2015. The Consultative Assembly with consultative functions (Majlis al-Umma) consists of two chambers: the Chamber of Deputies (Majlis al-Nuwaab) with 80 members elected by direct election, but as can be replaced by the king; the Senate (Majlis al-Aayan) with 40 members appointed by the king.
National Day: September 23, (National Association Day, 1932).
Armed forces: 105,000 men – of whom only 57,000 are residents Nationalgaden.
Paramilitary forces: Border Police, Coast Guard and Security Forces, total: 15,500 men.