Jordan Facts


Jordan; Middle Eastern state; 88,950 km2, 10.0 million residents (2019).Jordan borders south to Saudi Arabia, west to Israel, north to Syria, and east to Iraq and Saudi Arabia. Apart from a narrow strip of land at the city of Aqaba in the south, Jordan is completely enclosed by other states. In 1988, Jordan abandoned all claims of sovereignty on the West Bank and transferred the legal and administrative responsibilities of the Palestinian liberation movement PLO. The capital is Amman (1.8 million residents, 2016).

Jordan Country Flag

Country facts

  • al-Mamlaka al-Urduniya al-Hashimiya / Hashimite Kingdom of Jordan
  • Country abbreviation: JO
  • Area: 88 950 km2
  • Population (2019): 10.0 million residents
  • Capital: Amman
  • Main languages: Arabic
  • State: Monarchy
  • Head of State: Abdullah II (King)
  • Head of Government: Omar al-Razzaz
  • Per capita GDP (2018): US $ 4 248
  • GNI per capita (2018): US $ 4,210
  • Currency unit: 1 Jordanian dinar = 1,000 fils
  • Currency code: JOD
  • Country number (telephony): 962
  • Internet domain name: yes
  • Time difference compared to Sweden: +1
  • National Day: May 25 (Independence Day, 1946)

Nature

  • Land use: forest (1%), agricultural land (5%), other (94%)
  • Highest mountain: Jabal Ramm (1,754 m asl)
  • Largest lake: Dead Sea (650 km2 )

Population

  • Population density (2019): 112 residents per km2
  • Natural population growth (2019): 1.8%; birthrate 22 ‰, death count 4 ‰
  • Age structure (2019): 0-14 years (34%), 15-64 (62%), 65- (4%)
  • Average life expectancy (2019): men 73 years, women 76 years
  • Infant mortality (2019): 17 per 1,000 live births
  • Population forecast 2050: 13 million residents
  • HDI (2017): 0.735 (place 95 of 189)
  • Urbanization rate (2019): 90%
  • Most populous cities (2016): Amman (183 million residents), az-Zarqa (635,200)

Business

  • Industry’s contribution to GDP (2017: agriculture (4%), industry (29%), service (67%)
  • Exports (2017): US $ 7,511 million
  • Main export products: clothing, vegetables, phosphate
  • Main exporting countries: USA, Saudi Arabia, India
  • Imports (2017): US $ 18 210 million
  • Main import products: crude oil, machinery, means of transport
  • Main trading partners: China, Saudi Arabia, USA
  • Railway network (2014): 500 km

The deep fault basin in whose bottom Jordan, Dead Sea and Arava Valley is found divides the country into a western and an eastern part. The western part is dominated by a hilly mountain country, while the eastern part mainly consists of a plateau, most of which is steppe or desert. The climate is dry and hot in summer.

According to the constitution, the country is a monarchy. Formally, the King and Parliament, which consists of the Senate and House of Representatives, have the legislative power. In practice, the king has ruled more or less single-handedly. In 1988, Jordan abandoned all claims of sovereignty on the West Bank and transferred the legal and administrative responsibilities of the Palestinian liberation movement PLO.

The country’s poorly developed industry, the shortage of raw materials and the large import of oil and food have traditionally led to a trade deficit. Assistance, income from tourism and the money flow from Jordanians abroad usually cause the current account balance to show surplus.

The country’s geographical location as the center of trade between Europe and the Middle East has contributed to its economic development.

Jordan Map

Jordan Map

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