Oman Flag and Meaning


Flag of Oman

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Oman Flag Meaning

Red has long been a traditional color around the Persian Gulf. The white color symbolizes peace but also Oman’s religious message which often had great power by the sultans. Green is the symbol of the earth’s fertility but can also be interpreted as a symbol of the Jabel al-Akhdar mountain range in the northern parts of the country.

Their first national flag came into use when Muscat and Oman reorganized to become only Oman. The flag was hoisted on December 17, 1970. The flag was almost the same as today, the only difference was that the stripes in white, red and green did not have the same width, which they do today. The current flag was adopted on April 25, 1995.

Oman Overview

Population 2.5 million
currency Rials
Area 212.460 km2
Capital city Mascate
Population density 11.7 residents/km2
HDI location 78

With its 2,600 km of coastline, it has a strategic location at the end of the Arabian Peninsula to the southeast, where most of the world’s oil traffic passes. Oman is cut off from the rest of the peninsula by the Rub al-Khali desert. Nowadays, no nomads pass through this area. It is now also used for the extraction of oil and natural gas. Due to the fresher winds from the sea, the climate is better on the coast. Summer is characterized by monsoon rain.

Monarchy and dictatorship, allied with the EU and the US.

The People: The Omanis are an Arab people, constituting 73.5% of the population. Pakistanis make up 18.7% of the population.

Religion: Islam (officially) is practiced by 86% of the population. The majority belongs to the ibadí sect. Furthermore, there are minorities of Sunnis and Shiites. Finally, there are small communities of Hindus and Christians.

Languages: Arabic (official and dominant). Furthermore, Baluchi, Urdu and English are spoken.

Political parties: There are no legal political parties residents the Sultanate

Official Name: Saltanat ‘Uman

Administrative Division: 59 districts

Capital: Masqat, 1,090,000 entries (2008).

Other important cities: Salalah, 163,600 residents; Nizwa, 74,400 inb.; Suma’il, 42,700 residents (2000)

Government: Simple monarchy without any form of parliamentary control. Qaboos bin Said is a sultan and has been residents power since July 1970; Prime Minister since 1972. There is a two-chamber consultative parliament: the Consultative Assembly (Majlis al-Shura) with 82 elected members and the State Council (Majlis al-Dawla) with 40 nominated members.

National Day: November 18 (Sultan’s Birthday (1940))

Armed Forces: 43,500 (1996)

Paramilitary forces: 3,900

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