United Arab Emirates Facts

United Arab Emirates, state of the Arabian Peninsula; 77,700 km2, 9,6 million residents (2019).The country includes the seven emirates of Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujayra, Ras al-Khayma, Sharjah and Umm al-Qaywayn. The United Arab Emirates is located at the southern end of the Gulf of Persia and has a land border with Oman in the east and northeast; in the south, the country borders on Saudi Arabia. The capital is Abu Dhabi (975 700 residents, 2013).

United Arab Emirates Country Flag

Country facts

  • Ittiḥād al-Imārāt al-˙Arabiyya / United Arab Emirates
  • Country abbreviation: AE
  • Area: 77 700 km2
  • Population (2019): 9.6 million residents
  • Capital: Abu Dhabi
  • Main languages: Arabic
  • State: Monarchy
  • Head of State: Khalifa ibn Zayid al-Nahyan (President)
  • Head of Government: Muhammad Rashid al-Maktum
  • Per capita GDP (2018): US $ 43,005
  • GNI per capita (2018): US $ 41,010
  • Currency unit: 1 dirham = 100 fils
  • Currency code: AED
  • Country number (telephony): 971
  • Internet Domain Name: ae
  • Time difference compared to Sweden: +3
  • National Day: December 2 (Independence Day, 1971)


  • Land use: forest (2%), agricultural land (0.5%), other (97.5%)
  • Highest mountain: Jabal Yibir (1,527 m asl)


  • Population density (2019): 122 residents per km2
  • Natural population growth (2019): 1.0%; birth number 11 ‰, death number 1 ‰
  • Age structure (2019): 0-14 years (14%), 15-64 (85%), 65- (1%)
  • Life expectancy (2019): men 77 years, women 79 years
  • Infant mortality (2019): 6 per 1,000 live births
  • Population forecast 2050: 10 million residents
  • HDI (2017): 0.863 (place 34 of 189)
  • Urbanization rate (2019): 87%
  • Most populous city (2013): Abu Dhabi (975,700 residents)


  • Industry’s contribution to GDP (2017): agriculture (1%), industry (50%), service (49%)
  • Exports (2017): US $ 308,500 million
  • Main export products: oil, natural gas
  • Main exporting countries: India, Iran, Japan
  • Imports (2017): US $ 229,200 million
  • Main import products: machinery and means of transport, chemicals
  • Main importing countries: China, USA, India
  • Railway network: nothing in operation

The coastal plain of the United Arab Emirates has a warm and dry climate and several salt marshes; further in from the coast takes a dry and barren desert steppe. Only at the eastern edge are higher altitudes. Due to the dry climate, the vegetation is very sparse and is limited to oases and dry river valleys.

According to the constitution, the highest political federal body is the Supreme Council, which consists of the rulers of the seven emirates. Every five years, the Supreme Council elects a president from among its members, who in turn appoints a prime minister and a federal ministerial council / government. In addition, there is an advisory federal national council with 40 members, half of whom are appointed in electoral colleges appointed by the state power. Political parties or political elections in the Western sense do not exist.

Since 1962, when oil began to be exported, the United Arab Emirates has developed into one of the world’s richest countries. In order to reduce oil dependence, the country has been striving to broaden its economic base ever since independence in 1971; inter alia a large service sector has been built up with many foreign banks and a stock exchange. Each emirate controls its own oil production, but to keep the federation together, the oil money is redistributed from rich to poor emirates.

United Arab Emirates Map

United Arab Emirates Map

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