Algeria Overview

Country Profile

Known as the state of animal husbandry, Algeria is located in northwest Africa, all known as the Democratic People’s Republic of Algeria. An area of 2,381,700 square kilometers. Population of 31.36 million, mostly Arabs, followed by the Berbers. Islam is the state religion, official language is Arabic, but French. Algerian dinar currency. Algiers (Alger).

Algeria National Flag

Algeria’s green flag symbolizes the future and hope and the white purity and peace. At the end of the central flag is a curved red moon and a red five-pointed star. The five-pointed star and crescent are symbols of Muslim countries.

Algeria Country Flag

History Summary

In the fifth century BC, the Berber Kingdom was established in northern Algeria. Post-Romans, Byzantine, Arab, Spanish, Turkish and French conquerors all invaded. It became a French colony in 1905. On November 1, 1954, the Azerbaijani people launched an armed uprising. On September 19, 1958, the interim government was set up. On July 5, 1962, the formal declaration of independence was made.

Economy and Culture Overview

Algeria’s oil and gas industries are its economic pillars. Steel, machinery, electricity, food, and textile industries are also important as are grass weaving, wood and jewelry processing. Agricultural products are mainly wheat, grapes and grass. Algeria attaches great importance to combating desertification and water-saving irrigation technologies. Zuke La Pipe is a popular national instrument in Algeria. When it is squeezed by the airbag made of sheepskin, the air immediately pushes through a tube, vibrates at the top reed and gives out a sound.


In southern Algeria, 80% of the total land area is desert. In the central part is a wide flat plateau, whereas on the Mediterranean coast it is a narrow coastal plain. The coastal climate is Mediterranean, and south of the desert it is tropical. Annual precipitation is 700 mm.


Located 70 km west of Algiers, this is a famous tourist destination in Algeria. Originally a Phoenician commercial city, it was listed in the territory of Rome in the first and second centuries. Here, ancient city ruins, temples, churches, theaters and other ancient architectural monuments are located inside the perimeter wall of 2000 m. A local museum has a collection of Roman statues, sarcophagi, household devices and handicrafts uncovered from the excavated ruins.

Mescall small baths

Algeria Mescall small beach deep in the valley, hot spring water from the valley 10 different springs, the water temperature up to export 98 ℃. Spring valley after emission the lower waters and minerals in the cooling process will be deposited on the ground, over many years, to form a calcium carbonate as the main component of bizarre, different styles of stone cone, pillars and other rock heap.

Algeria Map

Algeria Map

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