Sudan Overview

Country Profile

The Republic of the Sudan, which means “black country” in Arabic, is situated in eastern Africa, spreading all the way to the Red Sea. Spanning an area of 2,505,800 square kilometers, it is the largest country in Africa, with a population of 33.33 million comprising of a total of 19 races. Arabic is the official language, with English also spoken, and the currency is the dinar. The capital is Khartoum.

Sudan National Flag

Sudan’s flag has a green triangle on its left and three horizontal stripes of red, white, and black. The red symbolizes revolution, the white denotes peace, black represents the black skin of the African people, and the green is symbolic of the Islamic faith.

Sudan Country Flag

History Summary

From 2800 to 1000 BC, Sudan was part of ancient Egypt. The 15th century saw the arrival of the Arabs, which resulted in a rapid spread of Islam and the emergence of the rich Eryi Si Finci Kingdom. In the 19th century the British expanded in to the Sudan. In 1881 the Sudanese religious leader Muhammad Ahmad led a struggle against the British, and in 1885 established the Mahdi (the “savior”) of the Kingdom. In 1899, the Sudan and Egypt were British condominium countries. A self-government was established in 1955, and on January 1, 1956 independence was declared and the Sudan became a republic. On May 25, 1969, the Nemery military coup resulted in the country changing its name to the Democratic Republic of the Sudan. On April 6, 1985, a military coup brought the Dahab to power, changing the country’s name again to the Republic of the Sudan.


The ground throughout the Great Basin south to the north depression basin from north to south distribution of prairie, plains, basins of three parts, is the nation’s leading agricultural areas. Eastern and western plateau. The northern section of the eastern plateau is the Nubian Desert, a narrow coastal plain. Nile from north to south, the White Nile and Blue Nile rivers in Khartoum after the intersection there are several large waterfalls. There are many white southern tributary of the Nile, and more swamp.
Sudan is one of the hottest countries in the world, with less than 100 mm annual rainfall. Khartoum, the capital, has the reputation of being the “world stove,” since it can reach temperatures as high as 70°C.

Economy and Culture Overview

Sudan is one of the world’s least developed countries. Its economy is based on agriculture and animal husbandry, with the most important food crops and main export products being wheat, cotton, sesame, peanuts, and gum arabic. Livestock includes camels and sheep, the latter being the most abundant. Sudan produces gum arabic, with gum coming from Acacia trees. It is used in the food industry and is also an important raw material for light industry. Approximately 80% of gum arabic is produced in the highland areas of Sudan, causing it to be known as the “gum Kingdom”. The country’s cotton production also accounts for 50% of world production.

Sudanese Shengxing Wen surface, as a sign of distinction between sects and tribes, but also of beauty. Su Arabs remain the traditional habit of eating right Zhuafan, hi, wearing robes, wearing skullcaps.

Residents in southern Sudan both fetishize and worship certain plants, animals or natural phenomena; for example, the Ballarat people worship snakes, Xi Luke worshiped the Nile, the Dinka people worship cows, and some tribes worship thunder.

Dinder National Park

Located in the northeast corner of Blue Nile state, Dinder National Park covers an area of 6,475 square kilometers, and is the world’s second largest natural zoo. The Park has many wildlife, including lions, antelope, giraffes, eagles, and cranes, as well as the odd grass different tree. Various species of birds move in groups during the dry season and rainfall changes, causing a natural wonder.

Mahdi mausoleum

Sudanese national hero Ahmed Mohammed was buried in a tomb known as “Mahdi Palace.” Located in the city of Omdurman, it is a yellow, Islamic-style mausoleum, 40 meters in height and more than 20 meters in diameter, with a silver conical dome surrounded by four smaller domes. In 1898, the British colonial army excavated the grave and threw the body into the river. The coffin is still on display, as well as a portrait.

Blue Nile and White Nile confluence

The basin of the Blue Nile River is comprised of lava rock, and erosion carries a lot of debris, with sulphur giving the water its blue color. White Nile from Lake Victoria, passing through the region over the marsh areas, most of the water impurity precipitation, so color and pure white. When the rivers converge in Khartoum, because the water flow rate, the proportion of different, relatively slow process of mixing with each other, needs to move some distance movement, there will be a river in blue and white water clear of the strange landscape.

Sudan Map

Sudan Map

You may also like...