Egypt Overview

Country Profile

Egypt, across Asia, Africa, two continents, the majority in northeast Africa, just east of the Suez Canal, Sinai Peninsula in Southwest Asia. Full name Arab Republic of Egypt. An area of 1,001,000 square kilometers. Population of 70.55 million, mainly Arabs. Residents are Muslim. The official language is Arabic, the top general English. Currency is the Egyptian pound. Cairo (cairo).

Egypt National Flag

From the top down the flag has three red, white and black rectangles. Red symbolizes life, white symbolizes purity and black symbolizes the dark past years. At the end is a central painted golden eagle, which is the Egyptian emblem.

Egypt Country Flag

History Summary

Egypt is one of the world’s four ancient civilizations. In 5200 BC, there was slavery in the unified state, under the king called a pharaoh. After the sixth century BC, it was long dominated by foreign peoples. In 640, Arabs invaded. In 1517, it was conquered by the Turks and joined the Ottoman Empire’s province. In 1882, it was occupied by British troops. On June 18, 1955, the establishment of the Republic of Egypt was announced. In February 1958, it merged with the Syrian Arab Republic. In 1961, the Syrian coup quit the “United Arab.” On September 1, 1971, it changed its name to the Arab Republic of Egypt.


Ancient Egyptians believed that after death the soul left the body only temporarily and that as long as the body was well preserved, one day, the soul could return to the flesh. To this end, the Egyptians mastered long-term preservation techniques. First, the deceased’s brain and internal organs were removed, and then the body was washed with salt. When the salt was dry, cavities were filled with spices, a rubber exterior coating was applied and then good linen wrapping. This is the “mummy.” Antiseptic treatment, combined with the local dry climate, can save the body for a long time.

Economy and Culture Overview

The economy is dominated by agriculture, with the main agricultural production areas concentrated in the Nile Valley and Nile Delta. Egypt’s year-round temperature is dry, and so automatic sprinkler technology has been widely used. Wheat and maize are the main food crops. Egypt is Africa’s largest cotton-producing country. From this cotton they produce cashmere, which has an annual production of 600,000 tons and is a world-famous Egyptian export. Industries include textiles, food processing and light industry mainly. In recent years, petroleum, fertilizer, cement, machinery and electric power industries have developed.

Egypt has a long cultural history. The wisdom of ancient Egyptians brought us astronomy, calendars, architecture and sculptures. As early as 5000 BC, the Egyptians created a solar calendar of human history according to the relationship between fluctuations and the sky,. Taught by Rome after the reform, the more scientific “Geligeli calendar” that we use today was formed. After the annual Nile floods, the ancient Egyptians re-measured the land and promoted the use of geometry. The majestic pyramids along the Nile are the essence of ancient Egyptian architecture.

Egyptians love music and dance. The Egyptian oriental dance, also known as the belly dance, is danced by women, mostly solo. Grasping food to eat with the Egyptians, but only the three right hand fingers, forbidden to eat with his left hand and then handed the west wood items on the grounds that his left hand unclean. Men cannot just wear the veil and women accosted. From junior to high school, boys and girls are in separate classes.

Pyramids and Sphinx

King of the ancient Egyptian pyramids is the pharaoh’s tomb. A total of 95 pyramids have been found, of which the largest is the 27th century BC Law Khufu built in the south of Cairo. Giza pyramids have a base length of 270 m, are 157.1 m high, and have more than 230 million boulders, each weighing about 2.5 tons and the biggest weighing 16 tons. Even more striking is that there is no bonding between the stone material – even the thinnest knife can hardly be inserted. The vast amount of work and elaborate internal structure has left future generations amazed.

Sphinx myth according to the fourth dynasty pharaoh of ancient Egypt’s head and lion. The body of a naked sculpture in stone, take the east, crouching beside the pyramids in Giza, body length 57 m, 21 m high, like the ancient Greek myth of human-faced monster Sphinx. Therefore, Westerners call it the “Sphinx.”

Suez Canal

The Suez Canal runs from the Mediterranean on the north side of Port Said to the south Red Sea coast of Taufik port and connects the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. It is 173 km long and 365 m wide, and reduces the voyage from Europe to Asia by 5,500~8,000 km. Its freight volume is first in the world’s major canals. The canal was dug in the 1859~1869 and is owned by the government of Egypt.

Egypt Map

Egypt Map

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