Mexico Overview

Country Profile

The United States of Mexico is located in southern North America and covers an area of 1,964,000 square kilometers. It has a population of 1.0323 million, 90% of whom are Mestizo. There are also approximately 10 million Indians. Residents are Catholic, and the official language is Spanish. The currency is the peso, and the capital is Mexico City (ciudad Mexico).

Mexico National Flag

From left to right, the Mexican flag contains three vertical strips of green, white, and red, with the Mexican national emblem, a symbol of independence, located in the center. Green symbolizes hope, with white representing peace and religion, and the red symbol of national unity.

Mexico Country Flag

History Summary

Mexico is the ancient cultural center of the Native American world, as it was here that the world famous Mayan, Toltec, and Aztec culture thrived. In 1519, Spanish colonists invaded Mexico, and on September 16 of that year, the Idar Father uprising ushered in the War of Independence. In 1824, Mexico declared its independence, and in October, 1824, established the Federal Republic. A bourgeois-democratic revolution took place in 1910, and the bourgeois democratic constitution promulgated in 1917, which announced that the country was called the United States of Mexico.

Economy and Culture Overview

Mexican industry is dominated by steel, chemicals, machinery, construction, textile, and food. Oil extraction and processing is also an important pillar of Mexico’s industry, with the country owning some of the best oil and gas reserves in the world.

Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula is world-famous, and since ancient times the central highlands were used for agricultural production. Corn and other food crops have long been grown here, earning the area the nickname “corn town.” The country’s main crops are corn, wheat, rice and cotton, and beef is the main meat.

Mexico’s traditional foods are maize, tea, beans, and peppers. Mexico, is also known as the “Cactus Country,” with over half of the world’s 1000 different species of cactus being found here. Some cactus can grow up to 10 meters in height and can weigh up to 11 tons. Cactus is often eaten, mixed with pineapple and watermelon, or used in a variety of homemade dishes. There are also edible insects in the area, with Mexico consuming the most insects in the world.
Mexico is also the home of chocolate, with the cocoa tree, the main raw material, growing in southern Mexico.

Butterfly Valley

Michoacán is located in the Rosario mountain, and every year from November to March millions of colorful butterflies gather here, flying from the United States and Canada. The beating of the butterfly wings make a blowing noise, and mountains and plains look like they are flowers in full bloom. Monarch butterflies have orange wings, trimmed with black sides, and embellished with large and small black and white spots, like pearls. Butterfly valley has the world’s only known periodic migration of Lepidoptera.

Yucatan Peninsula Mayan Ruins

The Yucatan Peninsula Maya Ruins are the cradle of the ancient Mayan culture. In the early first century AD, the Maya established their empire in the Yucatan peninsula. In 1517, Spanish conquistadors occupied Mexico, destroying in the process most of the Mayas cultural achievement. Today, a dense forest covers the peninsula, but the ruins of the Mayan city can still be seen, particularly the most compelling and intricate pyramid. The base was a square tower, built on the multi-level, with a small step through to the highest point in the small shrine. The Maya also observed celestial changes through the pyramid, with the accurate astronomical calculations and fine architecture combining perfectly.

Museum of Anthropology

One of the most famous museums in Latin America is the Museum of Anthropology. Set in Pulte Peike Gong park in Mexico City, the museum houses ancient Indian artifacts. The walls of the gate are made of stone, carved in a variety of patterns and portraits. The hospital has a unique totem-style large copper pillar. Museum has two floors first floor has 12 showrooms which introduce anthropology, the nation’s cultural origin, and European arrival in Mexico before the Mexican culture and life of all residents in kind, these data show that the first inhabitants of the Americas 25,000 years before the trek from the Bering Strait to the Asian immigrants. The second floor showroom contains Indian clothing, housing styles, living appliances, religious equipment, musical instruments, weapons, and other artifacts. The museum is now one of Mexico City’s main tourist attractions.


Cancun, Mexico’s new tourist city, is located in the Yucatan Peninsula, overlooking the Caribbean Sea. The city, which is surrounded by the sea, enjoys beautiful scenery and a tropical climate. 7-October as the rainy season, almost every day, shower, rain rainbow sky occasionally. It is a 21 km long, 400 meters from the beautiful island of Kuan Jin, was snake. Northwest side and southwest side have the bridge connected the island with the Yucatan, across the Yucatan Strait opposite the island of Cuba. There are up to 20 kilometers of white sandy beaches, with the sand formed by the weathering of coral. Soft like felt and white as jade, the beaches were dubbed the “White Beach,” “Pearl Beach,” and “Turtle Beach,” amongst other names. Mayan-style pavilions and cottages, with palm leaf roofs and stone columns, have been built on the beach, and the island also has ruins of Mayan culture monuments.

Mexico Map

Mexico Map

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