What is the Capital of United States? Washington, D.C.

Washington, DC, the capital of the United States, located at the confluence of the Potomac and Anacostia rivers 40 km from the Chesapeake Bay on the Atlantic coast; 177 km² , 618,000 residents (2010). In the metropolitan area of ​​Greater Washington, which extends into the states of Maryland and Virginia, there are 5.5 million. Since 1895, the city has coincided with the District of Columbia.

Washington is known for the Congress Building, the Capitol, the Presidential Residence, the White House, and numerous federal institutions, museums, and national monuments; in addition, the headquarters of international organizations such as the IBRD, IMF and OAS and a number of higher education institutions, including a consortium of six universities.

Washington, DC Supreme Court

Unlike in other American cities, due to a ban on buildings over ten storeys, there are no skyscrapers. Another structural feature is the city’s floor plan with radiating boulevards (avenues) over a diamond-shaped street network.

Since the American Civil War, in which freed slaves in large numbers sought refuge, the city has had a marked influx of poor blacks. Today, the black population makes up 48%. Most poor people live in run-down and socially disadvantaged neighborhoods in the SE and NE, while the presentable part of the city with impressive buildings, embassies, parks and affluent residential neighborhoods is found in the NW.

Washington, DC The White House

In efforts to improve the housing conditions of the city’s many poor people, the city government has since 1993 and most recently in 2001 received large subsidies from the federal government. The largest focus area is in the Anacostia district in the southeastern district, where a thorough redevelopment of over 1000 properties has been carried out.

While its population since 1950 has decreased by 300,000, the suburban population in Virginia and Maryland, where 2/3 of the city’s workers now live, more than doubled. As the suburban residents are mainly made up of highly paid officials, politicians, researchers and journalists, this development has contributed to the city’s poor economy (loss of tax revenue) and a sharp growth in car traffic. Only a small part of the commute takes place with the subway Metrorail (1976). Air traffic takes place via three airports in the city’s area.

By virtue of the Federal Government and a large number of research institutions, the city has attracted many private companies that are either directly dependent on federal contracts (arms industry, pharmaceutical industry, etc.) or otherwise have an interest in influencing political decisions. The city is a regular scene for demonstrations all over the world and has over 20 million. visitors per year a lucrative tourism.

Washington, DC The Lincoln Monument

Washington, DC The Lincoln Monument is a classicist building with a large statue of President Lincoln. There are also inscriptions of Lincoln’s Gettysburg speech and his second inaugural speech. It was inaugurated in 1922.

Architecture and museums

The high- rise congress building Capitol was built 1793-1828, the mighty dome, however, not until 1851-1965.

From here emanate the elongated park The Mall with the Washington Monument (1848-1985), a 169 m high obelisk, the Vietnam Veterans Monument (1982) and the Lincoln Monument, designed as a Greek temple (consecrated 1922); on a transverse axis lie the White House (1792-1999) and the Jefferson Monument (inaugurated 1943), a classicist round building.

Along The Mall are the major museums: the National Museum of American History, the National Museum of Natural History, the National Gallery of Art (opened in 1941, one of the world’s most significant art museums), the National Air & Space Museum, and the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum; several of them belong to The Smithsonian Institution just like other of the city’s art museums such as the National Museum of American Art and the Freer Gallery of Art. The Capitol is surrounded by the National Library Library of Congress and neoclassical government buildings, while the Pentagon (1940-1943) pentagonal complex of the Department of Defense is located in Arlington (Virginia) on the other side of the Potomac River. In a park in the suburb of Georgetown is the Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Museum. Among more recent buildings of architectural prominence are Dulles International Airport Outside the City (1958-1962) by Eero Saarinen, the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts (opened 1971) by ED Stone, and the East Building at the National Gallery of Art (1978) by IM Pei.

History

Washington, DC The Washington Monument

Washington, DC The Washington Monument, a 169 m high obelisk erected in memory of George Washington.

The city was inaugurated in 1800 and was named after the recently deceased President George Washington , who in 1790 selected the federal district and the following year left it to the Frenchman Pierre-Charles L’Enfant (1754-1825) to prepare a baroque-inspired city plan. The district was ceded from the states of Maryland and Virginia and originally covered a 10 mile × 10 mile “diamond” before the areas SW of the Potomac River in 1847 returned to Virginia. The responsibility for the city’s administration lies with Congress, although Washington since 1974 has had partial autonomy with the right to elect its own mayor and city council. It was not until 1961 that citizens were given the opportunity to participate in presidential elections.