Nauru Facts

Country Profile

Known as the smallest island country, the Republic of Nauru is located in the central and western Pacific Ocean, 60 kilometers south of the equator. Covering an area of 21.1 square kilometers, Nauru is the world’s smallest island nation, with a population of only 12,000, 58% of whom are Nauru. Residents are Christian, with Nauru and English spoken. The currency is the Australian dollar and the capital is Yaren.

Nauru National Flag

Nauru’s flag is blue with a yellow strip across in the center. Blue represents the sky and the sea, and the yellow stripe symbolizes the equator. A 12 pointed white star symbolizes Nauru’s 12 tribes.

Nauru Country Flag

Country facts

  • Naoero / Republic of Nauru
  • Country abbreviation: NO
  • Area: 21.3 km2
  • Population (2019): 13,000 residents
  • Main location: Yaren
  • Main language: Nauru
  • State: Republic
  • Head of State and Head of Government: Lionel Aingimea (President)
  • Per capita GDP (2018): US $ 9,030
  • GNI per capita (2018): US $ 11,240
  • Currency unit: 1 Australian dollar = 100 cents
  • Currency code: AUD
  • Country Number (Telephony): 674
  • Internet domain name: no
  • Time difference compared to Sweden: +11
  • National Day: January 31 (Independence Day, 1968)


  • Land use: agricultural land (10%), other (90%)
  • Highest mountain: not named height (65 m above sea level)


  • Population density (2019): 610 residents per km2
  • Natural population growth (2019): 2.1%; birthrate 29 ‰, death count 8 ‰
  • Age structure (2019): 0-14 years (40%), 15-64 (47%), 65- (13%)
  • Life expectancy (2019): men 57 years, women 65 years
  • Infant mortality (2019): 35 per 1,000 live births
  • Population forecast 2050: 14,000 residents
  • HDI: no data available
  • Urbanization rate (2019): 100%
  • Most populous cities: the country has no cities

History Summary

When, in 1798, the British ship “Hunter” arrived, Naura was already inhabited by an indigenous population. In 1888 the island was incorporated into the German Marshall Islands protectorate, and in 1920 Nauru was placed by the League of Nations under the control of the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand, who co-managed it, with Australia representing the three countries. From 1942 to 1945 Naura was occupied by Japan, but in 1947 it became a United Nations trust territory, still under the control of Australia, New Zealand, and Britain. On 51 January 1968, it gained independence.

Economy and Culture Overview

Nauru’s main source of income is phosphate, which it exports to Australia and New Zealand. The main agricultural product is coconut, and the country is almost totally dependent on imports for food and drinking water. Nauru has introduced free compulsory education, and the costs of higher education are provided by the government.

Nauru Map

Nauru Map

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