American Samoa, also known as East Samoa, is located in the southern Pacific Ocean, east of the international date line. A land area of 199 square kilometers is home to a population of 57,000, most of whom are Polynesian. Residents are Protestant or Catholic and speak Samoan, although English is also widely spoken. The currency is the U.S. dollar and the capital is Pago Pago.
American Samoa has been inhabited since 1000 BC. In 1722 the Dutch arrived, and since then the island has passed between Britain, Germany, and the United States. In 1899, according to an agreement between the British, Americans, and Germans, East Samoa became a U.S. colony. 922 years in the territory of U.S. non-establishment..In July, 1951, American Samoa was placed under the jurisdiction of the Interior Office of Insular Affairs.
Economy and cultural customs
Over 90% of the land is mountainous, and therefore it is a relatively barren island, only producing a small amount of bananas, taro, and vegetables. Food, fruit, meat, vegetables, and daily necessities cannot be produced, and thus the economy is dependent on assistance from the U.S. government and its tuna processing industry.