Qatar is a prosperous country in the heart of the Middle East. The state occupies an area of 11437 km 2, which includes a peninsula and a number of small offshore islands. The Persian Gulf washes the shores of Qatar from all sides, with the exception of the south. In the south, Qatar has a common land border with the eastern province of Saudi Arabia, 60 kilometers long. The country also shares its maritime borders with its closest neighbors: in the northwest – with the Kingdom of Bahrain, and in the southeast – with the United Arab Emirates. Qatar is one of the fastest growing countries in the world. Large reserves of oil and natural gas have also made it one of the richest states in the world. Qatar is a rocky desert country. Its interior consists of undulating desert plains and salt marshes. The height of the country decreases from 100 m above sea level in the south to less than 50 m in the north. The highest point in Qatar is Tuwayir al-Khamir, only 103 meters above sea level. Only 1.2% of the country’s territory is arable land. The hot desert climate characteristic of Qatar is characterized by poor rainfall with an average annual level of 80 mm. At the same time, the average humidity is 60%, and in winter the humidity is higher than in summer. Precipitation is highly unpredictable and erratic, both in time and space. The best period to visit Qatar is the end of November – the beginning of April, when the high temperature subsides, and the likely precipitation will not interfere with the rest. To learn more about the features of the climate and choose the best time to relax in Qatar, the weather calendar by months will help.
Weather in Qatar in January
January is the coldest month in Qatar. In any city in the country, the weather conditions of the second winter month will delight you with warm daytime temperatures and cool after sunset. The average air temperature in January ranges from +22°С during the day to +13°С at night. The level of precipitation reaches 15 mm per month. Water warms up to +22°С. But it is worth considering that in January it can be quite windy.
Weather in Qatar in February
The country still has pleasant air temperatures that attract a large number of tourists: during the day up to + 23 ° С, and at night up to + 14 ° С. For 4-5 rainy days in February, the largest amount of precipitation falls in a year – up to 20 mm. Water in the Persian Gulf, washing the shores of Qatar, drops to its lowest temperature of the year – + 20 ° C.
Weather in Qatar in March
In the first spring month, the average daily temperature of air masses throughout the country is +27°C during the day. After sunset, the thermometers drop by 10 degrees. The water temperature rises degree by degree and in March already reaches +21°C. There are fewer rainy days and the level of precipitation decreases to 15 mm per month.
Weather in Qatar in April
Weather conditions in the middle of spring in Qatar are very reminiscent of a full-fledged summer. Average temperatures slowly rise upwards and range from +22°С to +32°С at night and during the day, respectively. The gradual warming of the air leads to the heating of the water in the Persian Gulf to +23°C. The amount of precipitation falling in April is 10 mm.
Weather in Qatar in May
Temperatures are slowly rising every month. The average daily thermometer reaches +38°С, and after sunset the air cools down to +25°С. The heat of the air masses quickly warms the waters of the Persian Gulf to +27°C. In May, precipitation is an unlikely phenomenon, but 1 rainy day and up to 5 mm of precipitation are possible.
Weather in Qatar in June
Across the country during the day the air warms up to +41°C, and after sunset the temperature drops to +28°C. The water in the Persian Gulf is still warm, reaching about +30°C. Precipitation, from June to October, is not expected in the country.
Weather in Qatar in July
In the middle of summer, the daytime temperature reaches its maximum annual mark of +42°C. Up to + 29 ° С, the air in the country cools down only closer to the night. For the entire month, the water temperature in the Persian Gulf off the coast of Qatar warms up to +32°C. Rains in summer are very rare, so you should not expect precipitation.
Weather in Qatar in August
August is one of the months of the year when the water temperature in the bay reaches a maximum temperature of +33°C. At the same time, the air temperature has been declining since this month. Averages across the country vary at night and during the day from +29°C to +41°C, respectively.
Weather in Qatar in September
The average temperatures of air masses across the country vary at night and during the day from +27°C to +39°C, respectively. The water temperature in the bay in the first month of autumn is the same as in August – +33°C. Precipitation will come to the country closer to mid-autumn, so in September the probability of rain is close to zero.
Weather in Qatar in October
Average temperatures in the country range from +35°C during the day to +23°C at night. The water temperature drops over the month and is +31°С. Mid-autumn will come to the country with long-awaited precipitation, but they will not be able to save from the heat: about 5 mm of precipitation will fall in just one rainy day in October.
Weather in Qatar in November
The air temperature in the country is gradually decreasing and in November its daytime indicators are +30°C. At night, the thermometers drop by 9-10 degrees. The last autumn month comes to the country with rains. Their number is not large: up to 10 mm of precipitation falls in 1-2 rainy days. Tourists willingly bathe in the clean water of the bay, which warms up to +28°C during the day and can cool a hot body.
Weather in Qatar in December
Average temperatures in the first month of winter range from +24°C during daylight hours to +15°C after sunset. The sea water temperature near the coast drops to +24°C. Rainy clouds continue to occasionally appear in the country, but the rains will be short-lived. For 2-4 rainy days, up to 15 mm of precipitation falls. Beware of sandstorms. Gusts of strong wind bring sand from the deserts to the cities, making visibility difficult, but this phenomenon is extremely rare and short-lived.