Republic of Cuba is an island nation separated from North America by the Straits of Florida. The area of the country is 110.9 thousand km2. The republic consists of Cuba itself, Juventud and their surrounding islets (more than 1.5 thousand).
The coast of the country is lined with coral reefs. The southern coast is washed by the Caribbean Sea. On the northwest side is the Gulf of Mexico, and the northeast coast of Cuba belongs to the Atlantic Ocean. Two-thirds of the country’s relief is occupied by plains. The sea coast is the lowest, here there are mangroves (10% of the island’s area). In the southeast of the state, the Sierra Maestra mountains stretch, in the western part – Guaniguanico and in the center – Escambray. The whole of Cuba is indented with karst caves. So, in the south, in Santo Tomas, a natural underground labyrinth opens up to tourists, with a length of 25 km.
The climate in Cuba is tropical-trade wind type. There are two seasons here: from October to April – drought and from May to September – rains. Winds blow from the sea all year round on the islands, and in summer and autumn Cuba is in the center of tropical cyclones. To plan a comfortable stay, before choosing a tour, we recommend paying attention to the weather conditions in Cuba by months.
Weather in Cuba in January
January is considered the coldest month. The water temperature is at +24°C. In the center of the island, the daytime air temperature is +26°C, at night it can drop by 10 degrees. To the south, the thermometer indicators are growing, in Santiago de Cuba the air temperature during the day fluctuates between + 27 ° С… + 28 ° C. Closer to the south, the amount of precipitation also grows, here it falls up to 70 mm, in contrast to Trinidad in the center, where 8 mm.
Weather in Cuba in February
In Cuba in February, up to 69 mm of precipitation falls in 1-2 days, the rest of the month is sunny and dry. The air temperature throughout the country ranges from +26°С to +27°С. Coolness sets in at night – thermometers show up to + 19 ° С. Despite the small amount of precipitation, the air humidity is at around 73% throughout the month. Thanks to the sea breeze, the heat is easily tolerated. The average water temperature is +25°C.
Weather in Cuba in March
In the capital of Cuba in March, during the daytime, the air warms up to +27°С…+28°С. At night, the air masses cool down to +19°С. The amount of precipitation decreases – a maximum of 46 mm per month. Humidity is still high at 71%. The water temperature off the coast of Havana is +26°C, and off the coast of Trinidad the air warms up to +27°C. The air temperature in the south, in Santiago de Cuba, rises above + 28 ° C, at night it does not fall below + 22 ° C. The water temperature is the same as off the coast of the capital.
Weather in Cuba in April
In April, the air temperature during the daytime ranges from +29°С to +30°С. At night, the thermometer readings are at +21°С…+22°С. Precipitation falls up to 54 mm, air humidity is the same as in March – 71%. In the northern resort of Cuba, in Varadero, the water in the bay warms up to +26°C. During the day the air temperature reaches +30°С. It is cooler in Santiago de Cuba, +28°С.
Weather in Cuba in May
May is the beginning of the rainy season in Cuba. Up to 7 rainy days are recorded at this time of the year. In the southern resorts, the daily air temperature is +29°C, at night the mark drops to +22°C. The most precipitation falls here – up to 130 mm. In the capital, as in Trinidad, up to 100 mm of precipitation is recorded. Daytime air temperature is +29°С…+30°С, at night it is +20°С…+22°С. The water temperature on the entire coast remains within +27°C.
Weather in Cuba in June
In June, the number of rainy days reaches 10. Heavy showers, often with thunderstorms and thunder, but short-lived. Up to 182 mm of precipitation falls, air humidity is 76%. Despite heavy rains, daytime air temperature throughout the country fluctuates between +30°С…+31°С. At night, the temperature drops to +21°C. The water temperature remains at +27°C.
Weather in Cuba in July
July is characterized by short-term heavy showers with lightning and thunder. Precipitation this month is less – up to 110 mm (in Trinidad). In the capital of Cuba, the air temperature during the day reaches +30°С…+31°С, at night the thermometer mark does not fall below +22°С. The water in the ocean warms up by one more degree, now it is +28°C. Humidity averages 75%. In Trinidad, daily thermometer readings are higher – up to + 33 ° С, and the water temperature rises to + 29 ° С.
Weather in Cuba in August
In the north of Cuba (Varadero), the daily air temperature is within +31°С…+32°С. In Trinidad, during the day, the thermometer can rise to + 33 ° С. Night air temperature in the country ranges from +22°С to +25°С. The water becomes cooler by a couple of degrees: +27°С…+28°С. The rainiest resort in August is Trinidad, where up to 150 mm of precipitation falls.
Weather in Cuba in September
The air in Cuba in September is the most humid, 78%. At this time of the year, up to 160 mm of precipitation falls. The north-east of Cuba is subject to strong winds in September, so the heat of + 30 ° C… + 31 ° C is most easily tolerated here. At night the air temperature is +22°C. The water after the summer cools down a little – up to + 26 ° С. In Trinidad, temperature indicators are kept up to + 27 ° С.
Weather in Cuba in October
In Havana, there is a decrease in temperature compared to summer. The thermometer drops to +28°C during the day and up to +21°C at night. Rainy days are recorded from 9 to 11, up to 180 mm of precipitation falls. The annual maximum is 190 mm, most often in Santiago de Cuba. In the south of Cuba, the daily air temperature ranges from +30°С to +31°С, and the water temperature is +26°С…+27°С.
Weather in Cuba in November
November is the beginning of the dry season in Cuba. Hiking is popular during this time. Daytime air temperature in the country is within +25°С…+28°С, at night it becomes cooler – up to +18°С. The south coast is somewhat warmer. In Santiago de Cuba, the air warms up to + 30 ° C during the day. Humidity on the islands is 75%. The water temperature does not fall below +25°С…+26°С.
Weather in Cuba in December
In December in Cuba during the day the air warms up to +26°С…+28°С. At night, the mark does not fall below +17°C. The water in the ocean cools down to +24°С…+25°С. Humidity throughout the country is 73%. The smallest amount of precipitation is recorded in Trinidad (up to 10 mm), the largest – in Santiago de Cuba (up to 80 mm).