Category: Guide to Maryland

Maryland – The state, which has over 4 million inhabitants, received its name from the wife of King Charles I of England, Queen Henrietta Maria. It was first explored by Captain John Smith in 1608. In 1631, the Englishman William Clairborne established a trading post on Chesapeake Bay on the island of Kent. This area was ceded to Lord Baltimore in 1632. Under Leonard Calvert as leader, around 200 English settlers settled on the St. Mary River in 1634. When the English increased the tea tax for the colonies in America by the English in 1774, the settlers protested and burned the tea-laden Peggy Stewart ship, which lay in the port of Annapolis. The Revolutionary War (1775 – 1783) officially ended on January 14, 1784 with the signing of the Paris Peace Treaty in the State House of Annapolis. Maryland was accepted as the 7th of the 13 original states in 1788 in the United States. The state capital is Annapolis, crabs and tobacco are the state’s main products. The text of “Star Spangled Banner”, the American national anthem, was written in 1814 by Francis Scott Key in Maryland.