Nepal is a landlocked Asian country located between Tibet (China) to the north and India to the east, west and south. The country covers an area of 147,181 km2. Nepal is topographically divided into three regions: the Himalayas in the north, the Terai in the south, and the middle hills, consisting of the Mahabharat range and the Churi hills. The Himalayas are the natural northern border of Nepal, which occupies 16% of the country’s territory. The middle hills cover 65% of Nepal’s area and are home to leopards, deer, bears, monkeys, butterflies and 400 bird species. Terai – the southern part of Nepal and the continuation of the Gangetic plains of India, which covers 17% of the land area, providing excellent agricultural land. Nepal is the only country in the world that provides a unique opportunity to travel from the subtropical lowlands (with an air temperature of +40 ° C) to alpine glaciers (where -40°C), i.e. from 60 meters above sea level to climb to the peak of the highest mountain on earth – Everest (8848 m). The lowest and highest points of the country are located at a distance of 150 km from each other, which leads to climate fluctuations from subtropical to arctic. Autumn and spring are the two most favorable seasons to visit Nepal. The monsoon season lasts from June to September. You will learn more about the climate and weather conditions in Nepal in the monthly weather calendar.
Weather in Nepal in January
In the central regions at this time, the air temperature ranges from -12°C to +2°C. In the southern provinces it is much warmer, during the day the thermometer rises to +23°C. The coldest region is the northeast, during the day the air temperature here is -12°C. In January, in 1-2 rainy days, the level of precipitation will reach 20-25 mm.
Weather in Nepal in February
Weather conditions at the same time in different parts of Nepal are dramatically different. In the southern cities, it is the height of a comfortable summer: there is no rain, during the day the air temperature is +27°C, and at night +13°C. In the central cities and the capital Kathmandu during the day + 17°C… + 21°C, at night + 6°C. In the northwest during the day up to +5°C, at night down to -4°C. The lowest air temperature is in the northeast (Sagarmatha), where it is -10°C during the day and -20°C at night. Rainy weather in the north and in the central part of the country will bring up to 40 mm of precipitation in 2-3 days.
Weather in Nepal in March
With the advent of the first spring month, moderate heat in the south is replaced by higher temperatures, and in the northern regions it rains more often. In the south, during the day, the thermometer rises to + 33 ° C, at night it drops to + 18 ° C, precipitation is not expected. In the capital and other central cities, it will reach +25°C during the day, +10°C at night, and the monthly precipitation level will be 25 mm. In the north of the country, 75 mm of precipitation will fall in 2-3 rainy days. During the day, the thermometers will show -9°C, and at night -19°C.
Weather in Nepal in April
In the area of Sagarmatha National Park, the temperature reaches -6°C during the day and -13°C at night. For 10-12 rainy days, 140 mm of precipitation will fall. In the northwestern region of the country, the air temperature is +8°C… +12°C during the day, +1°C at night, and the precipitation level is up to 130 mm. In central and southern cities, daytime air mass temperatures fluctuate between +28°C…+37°C, and +13°C at night. The amount of precipitation will increase compared to the previous month to 80 mm.
Weather in Nepal in May
With the advent of May, the highest air temperatures are recorded in Lumbini and Chitwan (in the south), where +40°C during the day and +25°C…+31°C at night. Here the level of precipitation in 2-4 days will reach 20-55 mm. In Kathmandu (center) +29°C during the day and +16°C at night. For 17 rainy days, 200 mm of precipitation will fall. In Annapurna (north) during daylight hours +12°C, and after sunset +5°C. During the month, the level of precipitation reaches 225 mm. The lowest air temperature is in the area of Sagarmatha National Park (northeast), where -3°C during the day and -8°C at night. Precipitation for 21 rainy days will fall 240 mm.
Weather in Nepal in June
The most favorable climatic conditions are in the mountains. In the Annapurna National Park, the ambient temperature is +17°C during the day and +9°C at night. In the Sagarmatha National Park area, during the day the air warms up to +2°C, but at night there are frosts around -2°C. In the central regions in the daytime +29°C, and after sunset +18°C. In the south day and night +28°C during the day and +26°C at night. The summer monsoon brings a lot of moisture. Most precipitation is in the north (375 mm) and in the center (340 mm), and in the south from 45 mm to 130 mm.
Weather in Nepal in July
This month, the daily temperature ranges from +3°C (in the north) to +35°C (in the south). In the central cities, including the capital Kathmandu, during the daytime +27°C, it will rain every day, and the precipitation level will reach 360-405mm. In the Annapurna National Park, daytime temperatures do not exceed +16°C. In the central part of the country. In the north, it will also be rainy throughout the month, with precipitation reaching 565 mm. In the south, 8-16 rainy days are expected, during which the amount of precipitation will reach 120-280 mm.
Weather in Nepal in August
The highest temperatures are recorded in August in Lumbina (in the south) +36°C during the day and 6 degrees lower at night. Closer to the center, the figures drop to +28°C during the day and +17°C at night. In Annapurna National Park it is +16°C during daylight hours and +10°C at night. In the area of Sagarmatha National Park during the day up to +3°C, and after sunset -1°C. It rains daily from the northeast to the center, with a precipitation level of 340 mm (in the center) and 550 mm (in the north). In the south, in Lumbini it rains for 4 days and will bring 80 mm of rain, and in Chitwan 240 mm of rain will fall in 16 days.
Weather in Nepal in September
In the central regions at this time the air temperature during the day is +26°C, and at night +15°C. In the southern provinces it is much warmer, during the day the thermometer rises to +34°C. In the northeast, the daytime air temperature will be +1°C. In Annapurna (north) during daylight hours +15°C, and after sunset +9°C. In September, the amount of precipitation in different regions is not the same: in the north it is the most – 470 mm, in the center – 280 mm, in the south – 70-170 mm.
Weather in Nepal in October
October is a transitional month between the wet monsoon and the dry season. The air temperature in the south during the day is +32°C, the amount of precipitation is 30-40 mm. In the capital Kathmandu and central cities, the air warms up to + 25 ° C during the day, and 100 mm of precipitation will fall in 8 rainy days. In the area of the Sagarmatha National Park during the day up to -4°C, and at night -11°C. For 7 rainy days, the amount of precipitation will reach 130 mm.
Weather in Nepal in November
In the south of the country, the thermometer does not exceed +29°C during the day and +15°C at night. It is cooler in the interior of the country – during the day up to +21°C, and at night up to +7°C. In the Annapurna National Park, the air temperature is +7°C during the day and -1°C at night. In the Sagarmatha National Park area, thermometers will show -6°C during the day and -16°C at night. No precipitation is expected in Nepal in November.
Weather in Nepal in December
In the south, during the day, the thermometer rises to + 25 ° C, at night it drops to + 11 ° C. In the capital and other central cities during the day up to +19°C, at night +5°C. In the northern regions of the country, daytime temperatures range from +5°C to -8°C, and at night -3°C to -17°C. No precipitation is expected in Nepal during the month.