Martinique is located in the east of the Caribbean, at the northern tip of the Antilles. An area of 1100 square kilometers is home to a population of 390,000, mainly mulatto people. Most of the residents are Catholic, and French is the official language, with Creole also spoken. The currency is the euro and the capital is Fort de France.
The earliest residents of Martinique were Caribbean Indians In June 1502, Columbus arrived, and by 1655 French forces occupied the island. In 1674, the French claimed the island as a French territory, and it later became a French overseas province in 1946. In August 1977, it became a major area of France.