Flag of French Guiana
French Guiana Flag Meaning
French Guiana Overview
|Population density||1.2 residents/km2|
French Guiana is South America’s smallest and thinnest populated country. The climate is warm and rainy, and only the flatter coastal areas have been cultivated: cocoa, bananas, sugar cane, rice and maize. The interior of the country is mountainous and covered with tropical rainforest. There are significant reserves of bauxite and gold.
The People: The majority of the population is a mixture of descendants of African slaves and Europeans. In the interior of the country are indigenous peoples (4000 people) descended from the Caribe and Tupí tribes, as well as smaller communities of African Americans who in the last centuries rebelled against slavery. Furthermore, there is a minority of Chinese, Indians and French.
Religion: Predominantly Catholicism, Hinduism and Islam.
Languages: French (official), Creole
Political parties: Guayana Socialist Party (PSG); Union for the Republic (Union of the Republic, RPR); Union pour le Democratie Francese (Union of French Democracy, UDF); The Movement for Decolonization of Guayana.
Official name: French Department of Merit.
Administrative division: 2 districts
Capital: Cayenne, 56,000 residents (2003).
Other important cities: Kourou, 21,000 residents; Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni, 21,000 residents (2000).
Government: Emmanuel Macron, (French) head of state since May 2017. The regional parliament has 2 chambers but only consultative status: the General Council (Conseil General) with 19 members and the Regional Council (Conseil Regional) with the 31st Council President since March 2010 is Rodolphe Alexandre. The ministry (colony) has 2 representatives in the French National Assembly and 2 in the French Senate.
National Day: The French feast days are marked.
Armed forces: 8,400 French soldiers (1993)