Category: Guide to Alaska

Alaska – The Eskimos called this sparsely populated state – Alasku (large, wide country). The Americans also call the northernmost and largest state Last Frontier. Alaska was acquired by Russia in 1867 for $ 7.2 million. The narrowest point is only 4 km from Russia. The Great Gold Rush of 1896 attracted thousands of people to the icy north of Alaska, many of whom were killed. Alaska became the 49th state in the United States in 1959. The capital is Juneau. Oil was found in 1968 and the 1,274 km Trans-Alaska oil pipeline was put into operation in 1977. Because of its arctic summer, Alaska is becoming a tourist destination. The 6194 m high McKinley is the highest mountain in North America.