Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon, French archipelago of the Atlantic, 25 km south of Newfoundland; 242 km2, 6,300 residents (2018).Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon consists of the main island of Saint-Pierre (26 km2 ) and Miquelon (216 km2 ). The years 1976–85, Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon was an overseas department but is now a territorial collectivity with special status. Fishing and canning factories traditionally form the basis of the economy, but one is strongly dependent on support from the mother country.
Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France)
Saint Pierre and Miquelon are located near Canada, 25 kilometers south of Newfoundland in the North Atlantic. Covering an area of 242 square kilometers, it has a population of about 6,300 people, mostly descendants of French immigrants. The official language is French, and 99% of the population are Catholic. The capital city is Saint-Pierre.
Saint Pierre and Miquelon Flag
According to the 1914 Paris Peace Treaty, all of the islands belong to France. French overseas territories are collective. Chief Executive appointed by the French Government, is responsible for defense by the French.
Economy and Culture Overview
The soil and climatic conditions of the island make it unsuited to agricultural production, with only a small amount of vegetable cultivation, and pig, egg, and poultry production. The main economy is fishing and traditional processing industry.
Saint Pierre and Miquelon Map