Tuvalu Population

Tuvalu Population

The island state of Tuvalu is one of the world’s smallest countries in both area and population. Climate change and sea level rise threaten to submerge the entire country within the next hundred years.

Key figures and facts

  • Capital: Funafuti
  • Ethnic groups: Tuvalers 86.8%, Tuvalers/i-Kiribati 5.6%, Tuvalers/others 6.7%, other 0.9% (2012)
  • Language: Tuvalu (official), English (official), Samoan, Kiribati
  • Religion: Protestants 92.4%, Baha’i 2%, Jehovah’s Witnesses 1.3%, Mormons 1%, others 3.1%, none 0.2% (2012)
  • Population: 11 287 (2018)
  • Control Form: Constitutional monarchy
  • Area: 30 km2
  • Currency: Australian dollar, tuvalu dollar
  • GNP per capita: 3 651 PPP $
  • National Day: October 1st

Population of Tuvalu

In 2013, the population was estimated at 9,900 (World Bank), and annual population growth to 0.2%. According to the World Health Organization, the average life expectancy is 65 years for women and 64 years for men (2008).

Over 90% are Polynesians, closely related to the people of Samoa, Tonga and Tokelau; the northernmost islands (including Nui) are partially populated by Micronesians originally from Kiribati (about 7%).

The islands have a high population density (about 470 per km2), the closest settlement there is on the main atoll Funafuti with over 1100 enclosures per km2. Funafuti has a high influence of young people seeking education and work. This has resulted in severe population pressure. As the capital of the country, Funafuti is often considered. In this atoll lies the island of Fongafale with the village of Vaiaku where the country’s administration is located.

Population of Tuvalu by Year (Historical)

Year Population Annual Growth Rate Population Density Global Rank
2020 11,681 1.250% 393.0667 225
2019 11,535 1.200% 388.2000 225
2018 11,397 1.210% 383.6000 226
2017 11,259 1.290% 379.0000 226
2016 11,114 1.140% 374.1667 226
2015 10,988 1.060% 369.9667 226
2010 10,419 1.040% 351.0000 226
2005 9,889 1.260% 333.3333 226
2000 9,283 0.210% 313.1333 227
1995 9,187 0.850% 309.9333 228
1990 8,802 1.630% 297.1000 227
1985 8,108 1.480% 273.9667 227
1980 7,526 4.740% 254.5667 227
1975 5,949 1.110% 202.0000 229
1970 5,624 1.260% 191.1667 227
1965 5,275 0.240% 179.5333 226
1960 5,212 0.980% 177.4333 226
1955 4,958 1.640% 168.9667 226
1950 4,562 0.000% 155.7667 226

Major Cities in Tuvalu by Population

Rank City Population
1 Funafuti 4,381
2 Savave Village 475
3 Tanrake Village 297
4 Toga Village 147
5 Asau Village 139
6 Kulia Village 113

Religion

About the entire population are members of the church of the Church of Tuvalu. There are small minorities of Adventists, Catholics and Baha’is.

In the past, Tuvalu cultivated their traditional religion with rich mythological notions that the Samoan conquerors had brought with them (see Polynesia, religion). Intense missionary activity in the late 1800s led to Christianity eventually becoming the dominant religion in Tuvalu.

Language

The majority of the population speak Tuvalu (sometimes incorrectly referred to as Tuvalu) belonging to the Polynesian languages ​​and are closely related to Samoan and Tongan. English is also widely used.