Minsk is the capital of Belarus. It is located by the river Svislach, which is a bee from Bjarezina. The city has 1,982 million residents (2018).
Minsk is the republic’s political, administrative, cultural and industrial center. The industry comprises the production of transport equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, furniture and various consumables. Minsk is an important road and rail junction and has the country’s largest international airport. The subway under the city was built from June 16, 1967 to June 30, 1984.
University was established in 1921. It is considered the best university in the country. In Minsk there are many colleges and institutes, opera and theater. The cathedral was built in the period from 1633 to 1642.
Minsk is known from 1067 and was under the control of Lithuania from 1326 to 1569. In 1569, the Lublin Union between Poland and Lithuania was established. At Poland’s second division between Prussia, Russia and Austria in 1793, Minsk became Russian. The city was captured by Napoleon in 1812 and by the Germans on June 22, 1941. German soldiers built in Minsk one of the largest ghettos during World War II, where more than 100,000 Jews were detained. The majority of those interned were killed in the period from November 1941 to July 1942. In connection with the great Białystok – Minsk encirclement and the reconstruction of the city on July 3, 1944, all factories, offices, bridges and roads were totally destroyed, along with 80 percent of all House.