Tunisia is located in northern Africa, between Libya and Algeria. Its area is 163.6 thousand km². The northern and eastern coasts of the country are washed by the Mediterranean Sea. A third of Tunisia is occupied by intermountain plateaus and the Atlas Mountains. The north is indented by rocky coasts and full of fertile valleys, while the Sahara stretches to the south. Steppes, solonchaks and dunes will appear in the central regions. And to the east, islands and sandbanks await you.
The coast and the northern part of the region are characterized by a subtropical Mediterranean climate, while the south has a desert tropical climate. Summers are dry and hot, while winters are mild and wet. When the southern hot winds blow, the heat comes to all corners of Tunisia and the air temperature jumps over the mark of + 40 ° C.
The best time for a holiday in Tunisia is from late April to early November. Spring and autumn are good for excursions, and summer for a beach holiday. To plan your vacation dates, pay attention to the weather conditions of the country in different months.
The weather this month is changeable – today it is clear and sunny, and tomorrow the wind and rain knock you down. The temperature along the coast and in the north ranges from +10°C to +15°C, and on the island of Djerba it reaches +17°C. The sea with a temperature of +14°C…+15°C attracts only seasoned swimmers.
This month is characterized by cold, strong winds, rough seas and cloudy skies. It is cool in the mornings (+2°C…+3°C) and often foggy. During the day, the temperature rises to + 16 ° C, and on Djerba this figure can reach + 19 ° C. At the end of February, the sun appears more often and the approach of spring is felt. In winter, people go to Tunisia for spa programs and thalassotherapy. The sea with a temperature of +15°C is not yet conducive to water procedures.
In March, the sea becomes calm, without waves, but remains cool (+15°C…+16°C), and the sky is almost always cloudless. In the north, the air warms up to +19°C, and in the south – up to +21°C. March, with its stable weather, is perfect for excursions, walks and wellness holidays.
During the day, the thermometer shows +20°C…+22°C, and the sea in the southern resorts warms up to +18°C…+19°C. There is practically no rain. In April, you can lie on the beach all day and not be afraid of sunburn. At the end of the month, the first daredevils open the swimming season.
Entertainment establishments that were closed during the non-tourist season begin to operate. The east coast attracts tourists with an air temperature of +23°C…+25°C and a sea that warms up to +21°C. In the north and in the city of Tabarka, it is a couple of degrees cooler. Sometimes there are storms and slight cold snaps. At this time of the year, the landscapes of the Sahara are especially beautiful.
There is mild warmth in the morning and evening, and heat during the day. There are more and more tourists on the beaches. Average temperatures are at the level of +25°C…+29°C, water warms up to +23°C…+25°C. High waves attract surfers and windsurfers.
Nights become warm, and during the day the sun heats stones and sand. Almost throughout the territory of Tunisia, the air warms up to + 33 ° C … + 35 ° C, and in the southern regions – up to + 40 ° C. The sea with a temperature of +26°C…+28°C is ideal for swimming, water sports and diving. The heat is not conducive to excursions and at lunchtime you want to be closer to the water. On July 24, the Aussou carnival is held in Sousse with beautiful floats, dances and circus performances.
August is the peak holiday season. The air temperature is kept at +32°C…+36°C, and sometimes reaches +40°C. The water warms up to + 28 ° C – you don’t want to leave the sea at all. August is generous with inexpensive, quality seafood and music festivals. Be sure to spend a few evenings in a coastal restaurant. But excursions and sunbathing should not be abused.
The heat gives way to the velvet season, but swimming and sunbathing are still comfortable. The sea maintains a temperature of +24°C…+27°C, and the air warms up to + 28°C…+31°C. Before lunch, there are usually no waves and wind, and in the afternoon the sea becomes restless. The counters are bursting with grapes of all varieties, dozens of types of melons and watermelons. In September, it is nice not only to sunbathe on the beach, but also to walk around the cities in search of sights.
Until the middle of the month, the air temperature is +26°C…+28°C and the water temperature is +24°C…+25°C. But closer to November in Tunisia, it can be traced to + 23 ° C, and the water in the sea becomes cooler (+ 20 ° C… + 21 ° C). The heat remains a little longer in the southern regions of the country. In October, you can arrange an expedition to the Sahara, go to one of the national parks or do ecotourism.
Humidity rises and the nights become cool (+10°C…+15°C). November is characterized by rain, storms and strong winds. The air temperature rarely exceeds +21°C, while the sea cools down to +17°C…+20°C. In the south of the country it is warmer – about +24°C…+26°C. November is the time for spa treatments, relaxing holidays and excursions. Against the backdrop of a stormy sea, ancient Carthage looks especially beautiful.
Daytime air temperatures vary between +10°C…+16°C, and the sea cools down to +17°C. Cold rains can pour for several days, but about half of December is sunny weather. In Djerba, the air warms up to +18 °C. There are fewer cloudy days here than in other resorts. Tunisia in December is green landscapes, trips to museums and theme parks, inexpensive spa services, the Sahara festival in Tozeur and the opportunity to celebrate the New Year.