Category: Guide to Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania – William Penn founded a Quaker settlement in what is now State in 1681, which he gave his name to. The Swedes had already come to the area in 1643. The Dutch followed around 10 years later (1655). However, the state had to be ceded to the English crown in 1664. The Declaration of Independence was signed in the Independence Hall of Philadelphia on July 4, 1776. Between 1790 and 1800 Philadelphia was the second capital of the young United States. Pennsylvania joined the Union as the 2nd state in 1787. The capital is Harrisburg. The most important product of the 12 million state is coal. Benjamin Franklin and Betsy Ross (she sewed the first stars and stripes) came from Pennsylvania.